Participants: Agatha Thrash (Host), Don Miller, Justina Thomas
Series Code: HYTH
Program Code: HYTH000209
00:01 Did you ever wonder what we would be like if we didn't
00:04 have a skeleton think what you would be like if you didn't
00:07 have a skeleton to support the face, or to support the
00:10 internal organs, we would just sort of melt down into
00:14 a big glob and then we couldn't carry on our functions
00:18 because we wouldn't be able to carry on a circulation,
00:20 so the skeleton is most important to us and yet
00:25 because of the very complexity of it sometimes it gets
00:29 either sick or it gets injured.
00:31 We are going to be talking about how to take care of
00:33 various skeletal problems and we think you will enjoy this
00:37 program, we hope you will stay with us.
00:58 Welcome to Help Yourself To Health
01:00 with Dr. Agatha Thrash of Uchee Pines Institute
01:04 and now here is your host Dr. Thrash.
01:08 I am very happy that we have a skeleton and I am very happy
01:12 that it is made out of bone, and I am happy that nutrients
01:16 that we have in our food can take care of everything
01:19 that we need in the way of dietary care for it
01:24 and also the things that we ordinarily do in life can be
01:28 very helpful in making the skeleton function just right
01:32 but have you ever miss-stepped and you didn't hit exactly
01:37 as you would have liked to with a foot and unfortunately
01:41 you were left with a sprained ankle.
01:44 Dr. Don Miller is going to talk with you about sprained ankles
01:47 and I'll bet that you have never had a sprained ankle.
01:51 - I wish I'd never had a sprained ankle.
01:53 I've had plenty of sprained ankles and they are very, very
01:57 painful, if you've had one you know what I am talking about.
01:59 Having broken both legs and an arm I can attest that a sprain
02:06 is often and more usually painful than a break itself.
02:10 When I broke my left ankle in a motorcycle wreck I broke
02:14 both bones and sprained badly my ankles,
02:17 I was in all kinds of pain for that one.
02:19 But a sprained ankle is a very serious injury because often
02:24 you are going to find that if you have sprained your ankle
02:26 one time, it's an injury that will be weakened and weakened
02:30 ankle for months and years to come, unless you play it
02:33 right the first time.
02:34 Before I get into to much about the sprained ankle I want to
02:37 just mention a little bit about what happens is you have
02:40 had a sprained ankle, and now you are nursing that
02:43 sprained foot and you are on the recovery process.
02:47 God has built into us a special mechanism that if you are
02:51 nursing an injured area, it will be much more sensitive
02:55 if you are conscious of the injury that you have done.
02:58 I will give you another example, let's say you burn yourself,
03:01 you put your hand on a hot stove or something,
03:04 and you burn your finger, in a few minutes the pain
03:07 goes away, but what happens the next time you wash your
03:10 hands in hot water?
03:12 Exquisite pain, the same burning is there because
03:14 the body said look you've injured us here, we are going
03:17 to be a bit more sensitive in the future in that area
03:21 to the heat and so you feel that.
03:23 Same thing with the ankle, I remember when I had my
03:26 bad ankle injury with the motorcycle wreck, I had the cast
03:31 taken off, I was in college at the time, I had taken off
03:35 to my home in Cincinnati, Ohio, had the cast taken off,
03:38 went back to my college inn Kentucky, and that night,
03:41 I hadn't been walking normal for awhile, as I was walking
03:45 out the door, apparently I stepped on something that just
03:49 tiny rotation on my ankle, not enough to sprain it,
03:52 but that tiny little bit of stress
03:54 on a little collateral ligament
03:56 the ligament said wait a minute you've done this a couple of
03:59 months ago you are getting ready to hurt yourself.
04:01 It sent a message without my permission, without my brains
04:04 conscious knowledge up to my thigh muscles and told
04:07 thigh muscles let go, and I was on my face in the dirt
04:11 wondering what happened there.
04:13 It's because my body was protecting itself from
04:17 further injury, let's say you do have a sprained ankle
04:21 80% of the sprained ankles are when you rotate you foot in
04:25 or stepping wrong or whatever else and you tear some
04:28 tiny ligaments in your ankle area that keeps everything
04:31 together, extremely painful.
04:34 Normally when you first injure yourself, usually you are able
04:39 to then walk a bit further, not the best thing to do,
04:43 once you've done a good sprain it's best to go through the
04:47 whole process and there is an acronym I want you to remember
04:51 we used to use the acronym rice, we are going to make it
04:54 the acronym price, the first thing is you want to protect it
04:57 from further injury and that's why not walking on it
05:01 watching where you walk if you have to walk don't injure it
05:05 any further than you already have: That's the P.
05:08 R- Is you want to rest it, you don't want to sit there
05:11 and keep it in activity. I - Is you want to ice it.
05:15 C - You want to constrict it. E - You want to elevate it.
05:19 These are very nice things to do for your ankle.
05:21 A few years ago I was working in my yard and I stepped in a hole
05:25 sustained a very bad sprained ankle, this was a Wednesday
05:30 evening I was getting ready to go on a long trip the next day
05:32 driving my truck which had a clutch which means it was
05:36 my left ankle, that's your clutch foot.
05:38 I was in a lot of pain but I wanted to go to prayer meeting
05:41 that Wednesday night, I went and all I had in my refrigerator
05:44 was one of those little blue ice things, not the ice pack
05:47 the rigid blues, I'm sitting in the back of the church
05:51 balancing this rigid piece of ice on my ankle and a friend
05:55 of mine looked back and saw what I was doing,
05:57 left, came back in about 15 minutes with a large
06:00 bag of ice, he put that on my ankle, very thankful for his
06:04 thoughtfulness there, and I put the ice there, I kept it on
06:07 all that night as much as I could while I was sleeping,
06:10 the next day it was still very painful.
06:12 When I got to my destination I did a very good treatment,
06:16 now when you do a sprain or a strain and you want to use ice
06:19 for the first 24- 36 hours.
06:22 I got there it was now close to the 24 hour period,
06:26 I did an extreme hot /cold treatment, I put my foot in
06:30 water as hot as I could tolerate it three minutes, then I put it
06:34 in frigidly cold water which there was at the area I was
06:38 for 30 seconds I went back and forth, back and forth.
06:41 By now my ankle was very very purple, even though I placed
06:45 the ice on there I still had a lot of bleeding underneath
06:48 the skin so I did have a very purple and bruised ankle
06:52 so I could tell that yes I had extremely injured my ankle.
06:55 By the next day on Sabbath I was walking with a very minor
07:00 limp, by Sunday I could not feel any pain any more at all
07:04 the treatments that I had done the hot and cold treatments,
07:07 the initial application of ice, completely did away with
07:10 my pain problem.
07:11 But still whenever you sprain it you do have a weakened condition
07:16 so what you want to do, if you sprained your ankle,
07:20 or even broken a bone, you want to start doing some
07:23 strengthening exercises, very simple exercises.
07:26 You can sit down with your legs out straight and you want
07:29 bend your foot back, on it's own power,
07:33 don't reach down there and grab it, and point the toes
07:36 toward yourself, you want to just stretch it and hold it
07:39 there for about 10 seconds and relax, stretch it and
07:43 hold it for about 10 seconds and relax, nice exercise.
07:46 You can stand there and stand on the injured foot about
07:52 6 seconds, come back down, stand on the injured foot
07:55 6 seconds, come back down, sit in a chair, put your ankles
08:00 together, your feet together and push the recovering foot
08:07 into the good foot, a little bit of strengthening exercise
08:10 and the muscle is there.
08:12 You can put something to the outside of your foot,
08:16 I like to sit on a rigid object like a chair, and I put a
08:20 broom stick through there so that it is sort of sticking out
08:23 in front of me and I put my ankle up against this
08:25 and push against this broom handle, so it's keeping my
08:29 foot from going all the way out but it's a little bit of
08:31 pressure there, you can also put some type of a band
08:34 around your ankle and affixed to what you are sitting on
08:37 and try to pull your foot a little bit forward,
08:40 very nice treatment for re-strengthening the muscles
08:43 that you have injured.
08:45 Your body will protect your self from further injury,
08:48 you have to cooperate with it but you want to speed healing.
08:51 now the reason why I did the hot and the cold is I wanted
08:55 to bring more blood into the area which is going to carry off
08:57 some of the inflammation, it's going to carry off some of the
09:00 blood that's spilled underneath, it's going to bring healing
09:03 and what you need when you injure yourself:
09:05 You need good blood, you need a lot of blood right away
09:09 the two foundational health principles:
09:11 One is the life is in the blood, you want life in your ankle
09:14 get blood down there, but the second one is perfect health
09:18 requires perfect circulation, you want a healthy ankle
09:21 get the blood down there, good blood to the ankle that's been
09:25 injured, you will find that you'll have a whole lot
09:27 better time recovering from your injury.
09:31 Quite simple Dr. Thrash, I've done these things because I've
09:35 sprained my ankles and it helps.
09:36 - Yes! These are good principles and I would like to show you
09:41 how to help a sprained ankle once you've got it done
09:45 it's all bruised and painful.
09:49 There are some things that you can do that will make you
09:53 suffer less, this is Justina Thomas and she has a
09:57 freshly sprained ankle here, it's not yet swollen,
10:02 not yet blue but we will pretend that it's a
10:06 sprained ankle, and I'm going to show you a very nice way
10:10 to strap and ankle.
10:11 First thing you do is to is to cut two pieces of tape,
10:16 a one inch tape, and the tape needs to be the same length
10:22 as the distance from her small toe, the base of her small toe
10:28 and it sets right on the bottom part of the foot, just like this
10:35 almost off, then on this side it goes all the way around to
10:40 the base of the big toe.
10:42 This one is the most important one that you place,
10:46 if you rub adhesive that makes it stick a little better
10:50 so you do that to make it stick nicely.
10:54 You have a second one that is exactly the same length and you
10:58 make it stick on the first one lapping it over just about
11:03 a third, this is one inch tape and it works very nicely if
11:07 you'll do exactly this way, then bring that over and then rub it
11:13 so that it will stick very nicely.
11:16 Now the next one goes on the bottom of the foot
11:20 just like this, just the back of the heel,
11:24 and the and the person should bend the foot up just a little
11:27 bit like that, so the tape goes right on the back of the heel,
11:32 make it stick and then bring it down and cross it over
11:37 on the foot, like this, see how that is crossed over
11:41 on the foot like this, and then you take a second one and now
11:47 you make a Roman boot, you come about a third of the way
11:51 of the first one that you put across the top of the foot,
11:55 and do the same thing, make it fit over the first one in
12:00 this way, and you make it fit across there and bring that
12:03 across like this, and you keep on doing that until you have
12:08 come all the way up.
12:09 You can keep on traveling up so it's shorter and shorter
12:12 pieces of tape are required for that and this is strapping
12:18 the foot, you will finish that always when you are doing this.
12:29 Now with this kind of sprain you will get some good relief
12:39 immediately, just by strapping it in this way, what happens is
12:43 that you take the pressure off the plantar fascia and bring it
12:48 up to the side and top of the foot, and that's an enormous
12:53 amount of comfort for you.
12:56 But you need to study the anatomy of the area in this
13:01 place and I would like to teach you to take more responsibility
13:06 for your own health, so I have a graphic that will help you
13:09 to do that, notice number one:
13:38 So these thing can help you to know how important it is
13:42 and how beneficial it is for you to take more responsibility
13:46 for your own health.
13:47 When you think of it no one can take this responsibility
13:51 for you, you health is in your hands, it's not in your
13:55 physicians hand, nor some trainer's hand, nor some
13:59 counselor's that you may be working with, it's actually
14:02 in your hands with your day to day lifestyle.
14:06 Now the plantar fascia which I have spoken about concerning the
14:12 foot is a membrane, a very tough ligament and again
14:17 I've asked Justina to let me demonstrate on her foot
14:20 just what the plantar fascia is, so I will first show you
14:25 a picture of it, and if you will just look at this picture,
14:30 this one right here is the one that we want to see.
14:35 This nice picture of the foot is not one that I drew,
14:40 but I got it off the internet actually, and with
14:44 plantar fascitis, the place where you feel the pain the most
14:47 is usually right here, but the entire foot has the
14:51 plantar fascia, so let's take another picture that will help
14:56 you to see a little better just what the plantar fascia is.
14:59 So here is a sheet, this sheet is the plantar fascia,
15:05 right here this dark line, the plantar fascia goes all across
15:11 the foot, and if we look at it head on
15:13 here it is, the plantar fascia
15:16 goes from the heel all the way up to the base of the toes.
15:19 Now once you know this information then your quite
15:24 prepared to treat plantar fascitis, or understand it
15:28 at least.
15:29 So Justina let me see your foot again, and if you will notice
15:33 her foot does not show exactly what I have shown you but it
15:38 does show the bottom of the foot, so that this is the place
15:42 where the pain is going to be.
15:44 It can be anywhere from here to down here, but the worst
15:48 part of the pain is always right here, or right over here,
15:52 or right over here, it may have a very strong tendency to be
15:57 right in the center, just like that.
15:59 But some people will have plantar fascitis that hurts
16:03 the whole bottom of the foot.
16:05 How do we get plantar fascitis?
16:08 Well it's pretty simple, it's by having the foot in this kind
16:13 of position a lot of the time, that's one of the big reasons
16:17 why we have it, so women wearing high heel shoes will have a
16:20 greater tendency to have plantar fascitis.
16:23 But also people, especially weekend exercisers,
16:28 they are also likely to have plantar fascitis because they
16:32 exercise on hard surfaces on the weekend without adequately
16:39 preparing the foot for that kind of exercise and they get
16:43 plantar fascitis as well.
16:45 There are other reasons why people get it but
16:48 what can you do once you have it?
16:51 One thing you can do is to massage the foot and of course
16:56 just as you would expect, it's in the place where you have
16:59 the most pain, so right down here is where the massage would
17:04 go the most, and you can just massage the foot in a
17:10 stepwise fashion across the entire fascia of the foot
17:15 (plantar fascia), and just keep asking the person
17:19 does this hurt?
17:20 Once you've gotten out of the painful area no need for you
17:24 to continue to massage, but just the place where the pain
17:29 is the worst, it's there that you put your attention.
17:33 Thank you Justina!
17:35 So plantar fascitis can be treated with massage and
17:41 also with icing, icing is very important for this as well as
17:46 many other afflictions of the skeleton and we will be showing
17:51 you that in a moment, but before we show the ice I would like to
17:56 tell you about a product that you can get on the market
18:00 called Zostrix, which is a red pepper solution in a cold cream
18:07 of some kind, and this can be purchased fairly inexpensively
18:12 if you don't buy the Zostrix but instead of that you buy
18:16 one called Red Pepper Extract or Cayenne Extract.
18:20 Just ask the druggist for it, and he will get for you the
18:27 inexpensive kind of this product.
18:31 Then it is smeared on the foot, rubbed in a little bit
18:34 and six times a day is the schedule and then for six days
18:43 you rub it in six times a day, then you can drop down to
18:46 two times a day and as long as you continue to do that
18:49 it will usually help quite a great deal.
18:51 Now there are sprains of the back and other afflictions that
18:56 require icing and Dr. Don Miller now has an ice block here
19:05 that he's going to demonstrate something, what is that?
19:08 You know everyone in their home medicine cabinet should
19:11 have some Styrofoam cups, but not in their cabinets,
19:13 they should take their Styrofoam cups and fill them partially
19:17 full of water and stick them in the freezer, and then when you
19:20 have the occasion to need to do an ice massage,
19:23 now this is not just for the back, people with frozen
19:26 shoulders, they have stiff muscles, ice massage is an
19:30 excellent treatment, I suggest you give it a try.
19:32 What you do is you freeze the water and then you cut the
19:35 bottom of the Styrofoam cup off and put it on top of the cup
19:40 what that will do is let the ice protrude at the bottom
19:44 of the cup therefore when you do the massage, your hand is
19:47 not freezing just their back.
19:50 And you do a circular motion over the area, what I like to do
19:54 when you first start, someone is laying there and they are
19:57 already in pain and you sick a cold block of ice in their back
19:59 and I like to wipe once and rub with my hand, wipe again
20:05 rub with my hand, I go back and forth with my hand
20:08 and the ice until it starts to get a little bit pink,
20:12 then I just go with the ice itself.
20:14 I will also keep a towel handy because it will be dripping down
20:18 and you are going to be melting down quite quickly
20:20 and that doesn't feel good for a person to have water running
20:23 down their sides and puddling underneath their stomachs
20:25 and so I keep a towel right in my hand or stuck underneath them
20:30 but basically you do a circular motion over the muscle.
20:33 It doesn't really matter whether it's circular, up and down
20:36 is fine, I like to do a circular motion over the area
20:39 and you do it until it is red, you do it until the pain
20:43 subsides, and I can almost guarantee that in most cases
20:46 it's going to almost completely subside.
20:49 At least subside to the point where they can now relax
20:53 and they can get some rest.
20:54 I did this treatment like this a number of years ago...
20:57 I was in Ukraine and a man injured himself in the little
21:03 town of Noviabyhoti?, and they called for us to come over
21:09 and help him, it was in the evening time,
21:10 he had been stepping out of a truck, he slipped and fell and
21:13 badly sprained his back.
21:15 Now this was extremely cold, I asked one of the young men who
21:19 came in with me, go outside and get an icecicle that's
21:22 hanging off the house and they had big icecicles,
21:24 he broke one off brought it in I had the woman of the house
21:27 bring some hot water, I doused the end of the icecicle in the
21:31 hot water which basically just smoothed it off, and then I
21:35 started doing the ice massage for this man's back,
21:37 and he was in a lot of pain from this thing, so he wasn't
21:40 even feeling the ice, I knew I had finally reached success
21:45 when he started complaining about the ice on his back.
21:48 Although it is very analgesic pretty soon it gets pretty numb
21:52 but then he didn't really like the ice because
21:54 his pain was gone.
21:55 Before we started he could not be moved, and he wasn't even
22:00 in his own home, he was in the nearest home that they could
22:02 carry him after he had injured himself, he was able to get up
22:06 and go to his own home that night, so if you have some
22:09 blocks of ice in your home, this is great if you have any
22:13 type of a sprain or a strain.
22:15 Remember this, a sprain or a strain the treatment of choice
22:20 is ice or extreme cold for the first 24- 36 hours,
22:25 so have a number of these things lined up in your freezer,
22:28 and again cut it off because you don't want to freeze
22:30 your hand, this Styrofoam cup, I can't feel a thing about
22:34 the ice, just the person who is your subject can feel it.
22:37 So not very high tech, not very expensive at all,
22:42 but it really works, and that's what we're looking for
22:44 Dr. Thrash, things that don't cost a lot but really do work.
22:47 - That's what we want, we want the things that really do work
22:50 and I wonder if you would like to show us how this works
22:53 on a real live patient. - I think I would like to
22:55 so I am going to ask Justina to come on, and now a very good
22:59 principle about giving treatments to somebody
23:02 is let them be a part of the treatment process,
23:05 it gets their mind somewhat off their injury, so we're going to
23:08 say that Justina has hurt her elbow, so I'm going to have her
23:11 hold the towel herself, that way she is involved with
23:15 what's going on, and then all you do is take the ice,
23:19 and like I mentioned before I'm going to rub a few times
23:21 and rub with my hand, sort of get them acclimated to the cold,
23:26 and it just takes a few times, then you start rubbing
23:30 and I want to just bring this down, it doesn't take long
23:33 before you start to see a little bit of color developing in the
23:38 area, you want to move all around the injured area,
23:41 it's quite simple but it is quite effective.
23:44 Now how does that feel Justina? - Cold! Very Cold!
23:48 - I'm glad it feels cold, because cold in analgesic, that
23:52 means it's pain relieving, and already, you may not be able
23:55 to see this but there is a slight pinkish tone to the area
23:59 because see now blood is coming to the area.
24:01 The first reaction to ice is vasoconstriction,
24:04 let's get out of here and find a warm spot, the second reaction
24:08 is wait a minute we really need to warm the place up so more
24:11 blood comes to the area which brings oxygen, nutrients,
24:15 white blood cells, and healing.
24:17 So that's all you would do and you would continue this process
24:21 for 30- 90 minutes whatever it takes to get the pain away
24:26 and get the person recovered from the acute phase of their
24:29 injury and then you want to go to the hot and cold later on.
24:33 Very simple treatment but extremely effective,
24:35 and I'm very thankful that God has given us something as
24:38 effective and as available as ice Dr. Thrash.
24:42 - Yes it is very effective and very available in most places.
24:45 Now as we get older we tend to have more spinal problems
24:50 than we do when we are younger and one of the important things
24:54 that people get in old age is hump back, or they begin to
24:58 slouch, and I want to show you how you can tell if a person
25:03 has an actual collapsed vertebra.
25:05 As we get older the osteoporosis may cause that to happen
25:10 so Justina would you step forward again and let show
25:13 just how to make this kind of determination.
25:17 What you do is find the spine and it's easy to do in Justina
25:22 she doesn't have so much skin and subcutaneous tissue over it
25:28 that I can't feel her spine, so if you just rub your finger down
25:31 you can feel these knobs down so what I'm going to do is
25:36 I'm going to press right here, does that hurt?
25:38 - No! - Does that hurt?
25:41 - No! - Now what I'm doing is
25:43 pressing on the spine on one of these knobs, does that hurt?
25:46 - No! - Does that hurt?
25:49 - Yes! - Oh, that does, there is where
25:52 it is, right there! Now I'll go down to the next one
25:55 does that hurt? - No!
25:57 - No, okay! - Does that hurt?
25:59 - No! - No, okay so she just has one
26:03 vertebra that's collapsed and that's this one.
26:05 Now let's say she is 70 years old then I have just isolated
26:12 a place where she has a collapse in her vertebra, if she has that
26:18 then I suspect right away she has osteoporosis or perhaps
26:24 she has been in an injury.
26:26 She may have been having pain in her back and hasn't been able
26:30 to localize where it is, but I just found where it is.
26:34 With such an injury she will probably need some
26:38 professional help, but if you want to try to help a person
26:42 with an aging back, you can do so by some back exercises
26:47 even with a collapsed vertebra they can still do some exercises
26:52 that can be helpful.
26:53 One is simply a stretching exercise so they just stretch
26:57 upward as much as they can, they can even elevate themselves
27:01 on the heels a little bit as they stretch upward.
27:05 They try to get as much space as they can between the vertebra
27:09 and that often helps quite a lot for the aging back.
27:13 And then any good extension type of exercise that makes
27:20 the person go backward, that can help in this kind of
27:23 problem, if the person lifts the hands up over the head and
27:29 makes a circle backward, that will put the back in a good
27:32 position, so Justina would you just show what that position is.
27:36 Up over the head high, back as far as you can and then
27:40 down by the side, now that's perfect posture for the chest
27:44 shoulders back and down, and the chest in a good position.
27:49 So I hope with these small tips that you will be able to help
27:53 someone not to have a humped back.