Participants: Shakeela Yasuf
Series Code: DOA
Program Code: DOA000003
00:41 to our Muslim brother and sisters,
00:43 shalom to our Hebrew cousins,
00:45 peace be upon you our Christian friends.
00:48 Welcome to "The Descendants of Abraham."
00:51 We are happy that you have decided to join us again today.
00:55 On today's program we are going to look at Abraham's failure,
01:00 once again to remain true to his God.
01:05 Our Muslim brothers and sisters
01:08 believe that the son of promise was Ishmael,
01:13 and our Hebrew cousins believe
01:15 that the son of promise was Isaac.
01:19 Who was the promise son of Abraham?
01:24 We know that Abraham had other sons too,
01:28 but they did not play a prominent role
01:31 in the word of God.
01:33 The sons of Abraham that were propelled
01:37 to centre stage of this world's religions
01:41 are Ishmael and Isaac.
01:45 There has been conflict
01:46 between these descendants for thousands of years
01:50 and it continues into the 21st century.
01:55 Which of these descendants,
01:57 which of these are sons of Abraham?
02:01 And which one is worshiping the true God of Abraham.
02:07 The world we know is rapidly coming to an end
02:11 and each one of us individually must search
02:15 for the true God of Abraham.
02:17 Even if it means we have to surrender
02:20 our long held beliefs and traditions.
02:26 Abraham was asked by God to leave his country
02:30 and his relatives to choose God over family and tradition.
02:37 Even though he was obedient to the call of God,
02:40 his journey was not easy, he faced famine in Canaan,
02:46 death in Egypt
02:48 and now we will see the test of man's faith
02:52 in his Creator God starting to unfold.
02:57 When Abraham returned to Canaan
02:59 from Egypt after the famine was over,
03:02 he and his nephew Lot decided to split up.
03:07 There was trouble
03:08 between their herdsmen and their possessions.
03:12 They were too great for them to dwell in the same land.
03:15 There was not enough pastor for the animals to grace on,
03:21 Abraham asked Lot to choose where he wanted to settle.
03:27 Lot showed the selfishness of his nature,
03:30 his selfish heart.
03:33 Let's take a look at what the Holy Scripture say.
03:38 The benevolent and godly spirit of Abraham
03:41 is revealed in his life.
03:44 We can see the interaction between Abraham and Lot,
03:49 Let's go once again to the Book of Beginnings,
03:53 Genesis 13:8.
03:58 "So Abram said to Lot,
04:00 "Please let there be no strife between you and me,
04:04 and between my herdsmen
04:06 and your herdsmen for we are brethren."
04:11 Abraham was reminding this nephew
04:13 that there were not related only by blood
04:16 but as worshipers of the true God.
04:20 God considers all his children one family
04:23 but Lot on the other hand revealed a selfish spirit.
04:29 We read in the same book
04:31 Genesis 13:10-13
04:37 "And Lot lifted his eyes
04:39 and saw all the plain of Jordan,
04:42 that it was well watered everywhere
04:45 before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah
04:48 like the garden of the Lord,
04:50 like the land of Egypt as you go towards Zoar.
04:55 Then Lot chose for himself
04:58 all the plain of Jordan and Lot journeyed east.
05:02 And they separated from each other.
05:05 Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan,
05:08 and Lot dwelt in the cities of the plain
05:11 and pitched his tent even as far as Sodom.
05:15 But the men of Sodom were exceedingly wicked
05:18 and sinful against the Lord."
05:22 Lot chose the plain of Jordan in which to settle.
05:27 Lot thought he had chosen the better part of the land
05:31 but this was not the case.
05:33 Most of us know the terrible consequences of Lot's choice,
05:37 which was made through selfishness
05:40 and ingradtitude toward his uncle Abraham.
05:44 It was through Abraham that Lot acquired his riches.
05:48 But he seemed to have forgotten that.
05:52 After Lot departed, God spoke to Abraham.
05:56 Here is what he said.
05:57 Again in Genesis 13:14-17. "
06:07 And the Lord said to Abram,
06:09 after Lot had separated from him,
06:11 "Lift your eyes now and look from the place
06:15 where you are northward, southward, eastward,
06:18 and westward for all the land
06:20 which you see I give to you and your descendants forever."
06:25 And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth,
06:29 then your descendants also could be numbered.
06:32 Arise and walk in the land, through its length and its width
06:38 for I give it to you."
06:41 Abraham was not a young man.
06:43 He was 75 years of age when he left Haran.
06:48 He had questions that needed answers
06:51 and Abraham took these questions directly to his God.
06:57 In Genesis 15:1-4
07:01 we read, "After these things
07:04 the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying,
07:08 "Do not be afraid, Abram.
07:10 I am your shield, your exceedingly great reward."
07:15 But Abram said, "Lord God, what will You give me,
07:18 seeing I go childless,
07:20 and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?"
07:25 Look, you have given me no offspring
07:28 indeed one born in my house is my heir.
07:31 And behold, the word of the Lord came to him, saying,
07:35 "This one shall not be your heir,
07:37 but one who will come from your own body
07:40 shall be your heir."
07:43 This conversation between Abraham and God
07:46 shows us a Creator that is so patient with us.
07:51 He knows that we have troubles
07:53 seeing beyond the natural world
07:56 into his super natural works.
08:00 He will allow us to search and question
08:03 and he will always guide us to his truth.
08:08 Abraham's God is a God of love
08:12 forgiveness compassion and mercy.
08:17 He is always available to us.
08:21 He invites us to reason with him
08:23 to tell him what troubles are hearts.
08:28 He is active and present in each of our lives.
08:32 He is not an unknown or distant God
08:36 and he wants you to allow him to get close to you.
08:41 Even when we make a mess of our lives,
08:44 God stands with us patiently
08:47 training and guiding as our father.
08:52 Let's see what happens next.
08:54 Let's go
08:56 to the Book of Genesis 16:1, 2 and 4.
09:03 Here is what it says.
09:05 "Now Sarah, Abram's wife, had borne him no children.
09:09 And she had an Egyptian maidservant
09:12 whose name was Hagar.
09:15 So Sarai said to Abram,
09:17 "See now, the Lord has restrained me
09:19 from bearing children.
09:21 Please, go in to my maid,
09:23 perhaps I shall obtain children by her."
09:26 And Abram heeded the voice of Sarai.
09:31 So he went in to Hagar, and she conceived.
09:34 And when she saw that she had conceived
09:37 her mistress became despised in her eyes."
09:42 We see here what happens
09:43 when we try to help God with his plans.
09:47 Sarai became impatient in waiting on the promise of God
09:52 and decided to take things into her own hands.
09:56 She caused her husband to sin against God.
10:00 Sarah was Abraham's lawful wife
10:04 and he sinned by taking another woman
10:06 to bare the child that God promised.
10:11 Abraham was not without blame here.
10:14 He never questioned God's promise of a son
10:19 but he did not wait upon the Lord.
10:22 God has his time and his ways
10:26 to delay that Abraham and Sarah were experiencing
10:30 which was about 10 years was a test from God,
10:34 testing Abraham's faith in the power of God.
10:38 This test Abraham failed.
10:42 Polygamy was considered
10:45 an acceptable lifestyle at that time
10:48 but it was never acceptable in the side of God.
10:52 He is a holy God.
10:53 He does not accept what man sees is right.
10:58 This was a violation of God's law
11:01 and the consequences of disobedience
11:04 are still with us today.
11:07 By heeding Sarah's wishes to marry Hagar,
11:12 Abraham invited evil into his house.
11:15 By this act it had reached into his decedents of today.
11:23 Abraham brought some of his cultural traditions
11:26 with him when he left his homeland.
11:29 God chose Abraham because He knew he was trainable.
11:33 God was giving him insight to his character flaws
11:36 and lack of faith and patience.
11:40 Now that Hagar who had no choice in the matter
11:45 became pregnant with Abraham's child,
11:48 jealousy and hate rate
11:49 between Sarah and Hagar was also conceived.
11:54 We read in Genesis 16:5.
11:59 "Then Sarai said to Abram, "My wrong be upon you!
12:04 I gave my maid into your embrace,
12:07 and when she saw that she had conceived,
12:10 I became despised in her eyes.
12:13 The Lord judge between you and me."
12:19 Sarah was the one that insisted that Abraham marry Hagar
12:25 but now she held him responsible
12:27 for the problems that plagued their home.
12:31 Hagar became proud and boastful
12:33 that she was now carrying the son of Abraham,
12:36 the promised one and she treated Sarah with contempt.
12:42 Abraham tried to bring peace back into the home
12:46 but it was in vain.
12:48 Sarah wanted Abraham to send Hagar away
12:53 but he would not do that,
12:55 Hagar was the mother of his child
12:57 and he hoped to see the son of promise.
13:00 But remember that Hagar was Sarah's maidservant,
13:04 he left her in Sarah's control.
13:07 Here is what he said in Genesis 16:6,
13:11 we read, "So Abram said to Sarah,
13:15 "Indeed your maid is in your hand,
13:17 do to her as you please.
13:19 And when Sarai dealt harshly with her,
13:22 she fled from her presence."
13:26 Hagar and Sarah could not repair the damage
13:29 that had been done between them.
13:32 Hagar holding on to her pride
13:34 and anger toward her mistress ran off into the desert
13:38 and it was there that an angel of the Lord appeared to her.
13:44 Again in the Book of Genesis 16:7, 8
13:48 we read, "Now an Angel of the Lord found her
13:52 by a spring of water in the wilderness,
13:55 by the spring on the way to Shur.
13:58 And He said, "Hagar, Sarai's maid,
14:01 where have you come from, and where are you going?"
14:05 And she said, "I am fleeing
14:07 from the presence of my mistress Sarai."
14:11 Notice here how the Angel of the Lord
14:14 addressed Hagar as Sarah's maid.
14:19 This was to remind Hagar of her position
14:21 and her duty with this stern reminder,
14:25 God also gave comfort to this hurting and lonely woman.
14:31 Let's take a look at the conversation
14:33 that took place between the Angel of the Lord and Hagar.
14:37 Again in Genesis 16:9, 10, 11,
14:42 we read" The Angel of the Lord said to her,
14:47 "Return to your mistress,
14:48 and submit yourself under her hand.
14:51 Then the Angel of the Lord said to her,
14:53 "I will multiply your descendants exceedingly,
14:57 so that they shall not be counted for multitude.
15:00 Behold, you are with child, and you shall bear a son.
15:05 You shall call his name Ishmael, God shall hear,
15:09 because the Lord has heard your affliction."
15:14 Hagar returned to her mistress Sarah
15:18 and gave birth to a son name Ishmael,
15:22 Abraham was 86 years old
15:26 when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.
15:30 Thirteen years later at 99 years of age
15:34 the Lord again appeared to Abraham.
15:38 God at this time changes Abram and Sarah's name
15:43 and explains to Abram,
15:45 why their names are being changed.
15:47 Let's look at Genesis 17:1-5,
15:54 "When Abram was 99 years old,
15:56 the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him,
15:59 "I am Almighty God walk before Me
16:02 and be blameless.
16:04 No longer shall your name be called Abram,
16:08 but your name shall be Abraham
16:10 for I have made you a father of many nations.
16:15 And in verses 15 and 16 we read,
16:19 "Then God said to Abraham, "As for Sarai your wife,
16:24 you shall not call her name Sarai,
16:27 but Sarah shall be her name.
16:30 And I will bless her and also give you a son by her,
16:34 then I will bless her,
16:36 and she shall be a mother of nations
16:39 kings of peoples shall be from her."
16:44 At that time Ishmael was a young boy
16:47 about 13 years of age.
16:50 His father Abraham loved him so much,
16:54 the natural thing for this father
16:56 is to believe that Ishmael was a promise son.
17:01 But the Creator God had this to say.
17:04 In Genesis 17:18, 19,
17:08 here is what God said "Then Abraham said to God,
17:13 "Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!
17:17 Then God said,
17:18 "No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son,
17:22 and you shall call his name Isaac
17:25 I will establish my covenant with him.
17:31 Anytime that we the created beings
17:36 speak with our Creator God, it is a prayer.
17:41 We see that Abraham prayed
17:44 that Ishmael might be the promised son,
17:47 but that was not God's plan,
17:50 that was man's interference with God's plan.
17:55 However we worship a merciful God
18:00 who tells us to call him father Abba.
18:05 When we disobey him
18:06 and take things into our own hands,
18:09 we can not expect him to change his plans for us.
18:14 We must acknowledge our disobedience
18:16 and ask for His forgiveness.
18:20 Our father Abba will always forgive us.
18:25 Here is God's response to Abraham's prayer.
18:30 In Genesis 17:20,
18:33 we read," And as for Ishmael,
18:37 I have heard you.
18:38 Behold, I have blessed him,
18:40 I will make him fruitful, I will multiply him exceedingly.
18:45 He shall beget twelve princes,
18:48 and I will make him a great nation."
18:52 History tells us that this promise of God was fulfilled.
18:57 Ishmael did indeed have 12 sons.
19:00 The record of their names are found
19:02 in the Bible in the Book of Genesis.
19:06 Genesis 25:13-16.
19:11 Here is what it says,
19:13 "And these were the names of the sons of Ishmael,
19:16 by their names, according to their generations.
19:19 The firstborn of Ishmael is Nebajoth then Kedar,
19:24 Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah,
19:28 Massa, Hadar, Tema, Jetu,
19:32 Naphish, and Kedemah.
19:34 These were the sons of Ishmael
19:36 and these were their names,
19:38 by their towns and their settlements,
19:41 twelve princes according to their nations."
19:46 Abraham loved Ishmael
19:49 and wanted him to be the son of promise
19:52 but God said this cannot be.
19:55 Abraham accepted the will of God.
19:58 He knew that his faith failed him
20:01 and he will experience deep anguish
20:04 when he was asked to make a difficult decision
20:07 regarding his beloved son Ishmael.
20:11 We can take heart
20:12 that when things do not go according to our plans,
20:16 it is a blessing.
20:18 The blessing is that God is working things out
20:21 in our lives according to His plans.
20:25 We should be encouraged by Abraham,
20:28 the father of faith who was patiently trained by God
20:32 so that his faith may be strengthened.
20:38 When you get to the Descendants of Abraham,
20:40 you can be sure that you're lighting the way for all
20:43 in search of the Creator God
20:46 and His message of love and forgiveness to all nations.
20:49 Thank you for your support and for your prayers.
20:52 All contributions are tax deductible.
20:55 Please visit us online today at www.descendantsofabraham.org
21:00 or write to us at the address you see listed on your screen.
21:04 All correspondence will be kept confidential.
24:13 Let us pray.
24:16 Abba, father in heaven,
24:19 I pray for my brothers and sisters
24:22 that are searching for the true God,
24:24 the God of Abraham.
24:27 I pray that they will seek You
24:30 and find You as you have promised.
24:34 Father many are in darkness trapped by traditions
24:39 and lies that they have been told about You.
24:43 Please reveal Yourself to them.
24:47 Show them that You have a higher purpose for their life.
24:52 Let them experience Your infinite love
24:56 and Your forgiveness for their sins.
25:00 I pray that they will come
25:03 and taste and see
25:06 that the Lord is good. Amen.
25:13 God kept His promise to Abraham
25:17 and God keeps His promises to us, His children.
25:23 He has proven His love for you
25:27 and He will never let you down.
25:30 He is faithful, He is loyal, He is trustworthy.
25:37 My brothers and sisters,
25:39 the God of Abraham is our God.
25:44 Abraham is a created being just like you and me.
25:50 He sinned against the Creator God
25:54 just like you and me.
25:57 He made many mistakes in his life,
26:01 but he knew that his Father Abba God in heaven
26:07 is a merciful and forgiving Father.
26:13 Abraham's life story shows us that we will sin
26:18 but we have a God who is very personal
26:22 who invites us to approach Him
26:25 and approach His throne in heaven,
26:29 the throne of grace and approach it boldly,
26:33 not to be afraid, not be be shy, boldly.
26:40 Our God who wants us to call Him Abba.
26:44 Father does not want us to be afraid of Him.
26:48 He loves us so much
26:50 and wants us to be reconciled to Him
26:54 Satan has come between us and our heavenly Father.
26:59 He is the one that puts lies and fear into our hearts
27:05 but all we have to do is surrender our life to God.
27:10 And he will be our refuge.
27:14 We hope that you will join us again
27:17 as we continue to explore the struggles of Abraham,
27:21 the one called a friend of God.
27:27 Please don't forget to visit our website
27:30 at www.descendantsofabraham.org,
27:44 and email us at email@example.com.
27:51 All email will be kept confidential.