Participants: Pastor Stephen Bohr
Series Code: CGC
Program Code: CGC000043
01:15 Shall we bow our heads for prayer?
01:17 Father in heaven, what a joy it is
01:20 to come into Your presence
01:21 to study Your Holy Word.
01:24 We ask that as we study the story of Joseph
01:28 as a type or a symbol of the life of Christ
01:32 that Your Holy Spirit will be with us to instruct us.
01:36 Teach us the lessons which will be useful
01:39 in our personal walk with Jesus,
01:41 and we thank you for the promise of Your presence.
01:44 In the name of Jesus we pray, Amen.
01:50 It was the afternoon
01:52 of the resurrection,
01:54 and 2 of the followers of Jesus,
01:57 not of His 12 disciples but two of the followers of Jesus
02:01 were walking to a little village relatively near Jerusalem
02:07 called Emmaus.
02:09 And as these two men were walking to Emmaus
02:14 Jesus - who had resurrected from the dead that morning -
02:19 actually caught up to them and started walking with them.
02:24 You can find this story in Luke chapter 24.
02:29 And we're going to read a couple of verses from there
02:31 in a few moments, but I want you to catch the picture.
02:35 And so Jesus catches up to these two men that are walking
02:38 to Emmaus and He says to them:
02:41 "What is it that you're talking about?
02:44 And why are your faces so sad? "
02:48 And, of course, the two men look at Jesus
02:52 and if they lived today they probably would have said
02:56 "What planet have you been on for the last three days?
03:00 Haven't you known what has happened
03:04 in the city of Jerusalem during these last three days?
03:09 Impossible that you shouldn't know about it if you were
03:13 in this region or in this area. "
03:16 And then in Luke chapter 24 and verse 21
03:19 we hear the disappointment of these men.
03:23 Actually I want to read Luke chapter 24
03:26 and verse 21. You can almost hear it in their voice
03:31 as we read this verse.
03:33 It says there in verse 21:
03:36 "But we were hoping that it was He
03:40 who was going to redeem Israel.
03:44 Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day
03:48 since these things happened. "
03:51 We thought that this Man was going to redeem Israel
03:55 and now is the third day since He was crucified.
04:00 You can hear the disappointment in their voices.
04:04 And then, of course, Jesus spoke to them
04:08 in direct terms. And I would like to read
04:11 His words in Luke chapter 24
04:15 and verses 25 through 27.
04:19 Actually, this is quite a rebuke of Jesus.
04:23 Notice what He says in Luke 24 and verse 25.
04:28 "Then He said to them: 'O foolish ones,
04:33 and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have
04:38 spoken. Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things
04:43 and to enter into His glory? ' "
04:46 And now notice verse 27:
04:48 "And beginning at Moses
04:52 and all the prophets He expounded to them
04:57 in all the scriptures the things concerning Himself. "
05:04 We have three categories that are mentioned here by Jesus.
05:08 Moses, the prophets, and the scriptures or the writings.
05:13 These are the very 3 divisions that the Jews had established
05:17 for the Old Testament.
05:19 The law of Moses...
05:20 the prophets were the nebeim
05:23 and the writings were the ketubim.
05:26 In other words, Jesus is saying
05:28 "I am at the center of the writings of Moses;
05:31 I am at the center of the writings of all of the prophets;
05:34 I am at the center of all of the rest of the Old Testament. "
05:38 He expounded unto them the things in the scriptures
05:43 concerning Himself.
05:46 Now I want you to notice how these men felt
05:50 after Jesus spoke these words to them.
05:53 Luke 24 and verses 30-32.
05:58 "Now it came to pass as He sat at the table with them
06:03 that He took bread, blessed and broke it,
06:07 and gave it to them.
06:09 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him,
06:12 and He vanished from their sight.
06:16 And they said to one another: 'Did not our hearts burn
06:22 within us while He talked with us on the road
06:27 and while He opened the scriptures to us? ' "
06:33 Notice that when Jesus opened the scriptures
06:35 and revealed Himself to them from the scriptures
06:39 they burned in their hearts because now they looked at the
06:44 scriptures from a different perspective.
06:47 A little bit later on Jesus was in the upper room
06:52 with His disciples.
06:54 And I want you to notice what He said to His disciples
06:58 in Luke chapter 24 and verses 44 and 45.
07:04 Luke 24 and verses 44 and 45.
07:09 "Then He said to them:
07:11 'These are the words which I spoke to you
07:15 while I was still with you:
07:17 that all things must be fulfilled which were written
07:23 in the law of Moses and the prophets and the Psalms
07:28 concerning Me. ' And He opened their understanding
07:34 that they might comprehend the scriptures. "
07:39 We find in these verses that the center of the scriptures
07:44 of the Old Testament is Jesus.
07:47 Whether it be the writings of Moses,
07:49 whether it be the writings of the prophets,
07:52 whether it be the writings as such
07:55 in the Old Testament - whatever is not Moses and the
07:57 prophets, whether it be the Psalms...
08:01 Jesus says that the scriptures are a revelation of Himself.
08:07 On every page of the Old Testament
08:11 we find a revelation of Jesus.
08:15 Now today we are going to study the story of Joseph.
08:20 Joseph... as a type of Jesus Christ.
08:24 We're going to find a series of amazing parallels
08:27 between Joseph and Jesus.
08:29 We're going to actually see that the life of Joseph
08:32 was a pattern or an illustration or a type
08:35 of the life that Jesus would live later on in human history.
08:40 Actually approximately 1,700 years later.
08:44 Now let's begin our study of the life of Joseph
08:48 in Genesis chapter 37 and verse 3.
08:52 Genesis chapter 37 and verse 3.
08:57 Here we're told this:
09:20 So you have what we might call "the ancient of days"
09:24 who has a beloved son
09:27 whom he loves above all of his other sons.
09:31 And this son's name is Joseph.
09:34 Now we all know that Joseph had two dreams.
09:39 And in these dreams basically he told his father
09:43 and his brothers that someday they were going to come
09:47 and they were going to bow before his feet.
09:50 Notice Genesis chapter 37 and verse 10.
09:55 Genesis chapter 37 and verse 10.
09:59 By the way, this riled his brothers.
10:01 It says there in chapter 37 and verse 10:
10:24 "Are you saying that we're going to come and we're going to
10:27 bow before you? " is what Jacob
10:30 is saying. And of course,
10:31 we know from this story
10:33 that his brothers were very very
10:35 angry at him saying that they would come and bow at his feet.
10:41 In fact, we're told in Genesis 37 that his brothers
10:44 hated him. Notice Genesis chapter 37...
10:48 Genesis chapter 37 and verses 4 and 5.
10:53 It says here:
11:07 And then it says: "Now Joseph had a dream
11:11 and he told it to his brothers
11:13 and they hated him even more. "
11:16 The idea of them coming and bowing before Joseph;
11:19 the idea that he was the beloved son;
11:22 and by the way, the fact that the life of Joseph
11:26 was exemplary and condemned their sinfulness
11:31 led them to hate their brother.
11:34 In fact, they not only hated their brother because he was
11:37 the beloved son and because he said that they were going to
11:41 come and bow before his feet and because he had a sterling
11:46 character which rebuked their sinfulness,
11:48 but they also envied their brother
11:53 because of these facts.
11:54 Notice what we find in Genesis chapter 37 and verse 11.
11:59 It says there: "And his brothers envied him
12:04 but his father kept the matter in mind. "
12:09 And so his brothers hate him.
12:11 His brothers envy him
12:14 because of his favored position with his father
12:17 because he's the beloved son.
12:19 Now immediately we see the parallel with Jesus.
12:24 Jesus also is the special Son of His Father.
12:29 Jesus also had a sterling character which rebuked
12:34 the sinfulness of His brothers that He came to save.
12:39 Also, those that He came to minister among
12:42 were greatly aggravated when Jesus spoke about
12:47 Him being a King and Him ruling over the earth.
12:52 In fact, we find in Luke chapter 19 and verse 14
12:58 that they did not accept the idea that Jesus
13:02 was going to reign or rule over them.
13:05 Luke chapter 19 and verse 14 says this:
13:10 "But His citizens hated Him... "
13:15 Notice that.
13:18 "and sent a delegation after Him saying
13:21 'We will not have this Man to reign over us.
13:27 We will not accept Him as King.
13:30 He will not rule over us. ' "
13:33 In fact, we find in scripture that Jesus was envied
13:38 by those that He came in contact with.
13:41 Notice Matthew chapter 27 and verse 18.
13:45 Matthew chapter 27 and verse 18.
13:50 In fact, those He came to save envied Him
13:53 because of His special position.
13:55 Matthew chapter 27 and verse 18 says this:
14:02 "For He knew that they had handed Him over... "
14:07 this is speaking about Pilate...
14:09 "that they had handed over Jesus because of... " What?
14:13 "because of envy. "
14:17 And so Jesus - the beloved Son of His Father -
14:20 is hated by His own brothers.
14:23 The say: "We will not allow this Man to rule over us. "
14:26 They hate the fact that He's the beloved Son of the Father
14:30 and they hate His sterling character which rebukes
14:34 their sinfulness.
14:36 Now it's interesting to notice that Abraham
14:39 the father... or rather Jacob the father sends his son
14:44 Joseph to Joseph's brothers.
14:47 Notice what we find in Genesis chapter 37 and verse 13.
14:52 Genesis chapter 37 and verse 13.
14:56 The father sends the son to his brothers.
14:59 To a far country incidentally.
15:01 Notice Genesis chapter 37 and verse 13.
15:07 It says here:
15:27 Notice that the father is planning to send Joseph
15:32 to his brothers, and Joseph says to his father
15:36 "Your will be done. "
15:38 And so Joseph leaves his father's house
15:41 and he travels to a far land to minister to his brothers.
15:46 And by the way, his brothers are lost.
15:49 He actually goes out to seek them.
15:51 And he has to stop along the way and ask: "Where
15:55 are my brothers? I'm seeking for my brothers. "
15:59 And so he leaves his father's house;
16:02 he goes to a far land;
16:04 he's sent to seek his brothers who are lost.
16:08 Dare I say that this is the very same thing
16:13 which happened with Jesus?
16:15 Notice the gospel of Luke chapter 19 and verse 10.
16:20 Luke chapter 19 and verse 10.
16:23 This is the conclusion of the Zacchaeus episode,
16:27 and notice the terminology that is used.
16:30 Luke chapter 19 and verse 10.
16:34 "For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save
16:40 that which was lost. "
16:43 And so Jesus Christ is sent by His Father to a far land
16:48 to seek His brothers who are lost
16:51 just like Joseph was sent by his father
16:55 to a far land to seek his brothers who were also lost.
17:01 And when God the Father said to Jesus:
17:03 "You should go down and take My gift to Your brothers"
17:07 Jesus said just like Joseph... He said: "Father,
17:11 I am here. Your will be done. "
17:16 But we're told in scripture that when Joseph takes the gift
17:20 of his father to his brothers
17:24 his brothers actually plotted to kill him
17:27 because they hated him.
17:29 Notice Genesis chapter 37 and verses 18 and 19.
17:34 Genesis 37 and verses 18 and 19.
17:39 It says here:
17:51 "Then they said to one another:
17:53 'Look, the dreamer is coming. ' "
17:57 Notice that it is said here that when Joseph
18:02 sees his brothers afar off
18:05 his brothers whom he came to
18:07 bless with the gifts from the
18:08 father actually are filled with
18:11 hatred against him and they plot
18:13 to kill him.
18:15 Is this true also about Jesus?
18:18 In John chapter 1 and verse 11
18:22 we are told that Jesus:
18:30 We also notice in John chapter 15 and verse 25
18:35 a very interesting remark.
18:38 John chapter 15 and verse 25.
18:42 Here Jesus actually is being referred to.
18:46 He says this in verse 25:
19:03 Did Joseph's brothers really have any true reason
19:07 to hate their brother? Absolutely not.
19:09 They hated him without cause.
19:16 And His own hate Him without cause.
19:20 Notice how the story of Joseph is picked up
19:23 also in Matthew 21 and verses 37 and 38.
19:28 Matthew chapter 21 and verses 37 and 38.
19:33 This is the famous parable of the vineyard workers.
19:37 Matthew chapter 21 and verses 37 and 38.
20:09 So just like with Joseph he came to his brothers
20:12 sent by his father and he was hated without cause
20:16 by his brothers. They envied him.
20:18 So when Jesus was sent by His Father to His brothers
20:22 they received Him not.
20:23 They hated Him without cause.
20:26 They delivered Him because of envy according to scripture.
20:29 And they plotted to kill Jesus just like Joseph's brothers
20:33 plotted to kill him.
20:35 There's another interesting comparison in this story.
20:38 One of the brothers of Joseph actually wanted to deliver
20:43 Joseph from the hands of his brothers. What was his name?
20:48 His name was Reuben.
20:50 Notice Genesis 37 and verses 21 and 22.
20:55 Genesis 37 and verses 21 and 22.
21:25 But Reuben lacked moral backbone.
21:28 At the very moment he should have said to the brothers
21:31 "This is wrong... we should not do this. "
21:35 And he should have delivered Joseph and sent him back
21:39 to his father. But he contemporized.
21:42 He says: "Well, I'll let them cast him into this pit here
21:46 and then a little bit later on I will come
21:49 and I will deliver him. "
21:51 He had no moral backbone to stand for the right.
21:54 Now let me ask you: was there an individual
21:57 in the case of Christ that tried to deliver Jesus
22:00 and COULD HAVE delivered Jesus but had no moral backbone?
22:05 Of course. What was his name?
22:07 His name was Pontius Pilate.
22:10 Notice John chapter 19 and verse 12.
22:14 John 19:12. He did everything possible
22:17 to deliver Jesus but he did not take a stand.
22:20 John chapter 19 and verse 12
22:23 is one of the verses that speaks about Pontius Pilate's
22:26 intention of delivering Christ.
22:29 It says here in verse 12:
22:31 "From then on Pilate sought to release Him
22:35 but the Jews cried out saying: 'If you let this Man go,
22:39 you are not Caesar's friend. Whoever makes himself
22:43 a king speaks against Caesar. ' "
22:46 And so instead of delivering Jesus and taking a stand
22:50 at that moment, Pontius Pilate actually allowed
22:55 Jesus to be delivered to be killed.
22:59 Another interesting parallel between Joseph and Jesus
23:02 is the fact that Joseph was stripped of his garments
23:06 by his brothers. Notice what we find in Genesis 37:23.
23:12 Genesis chapter 37 and verse 23.
23:17 We find here what his brothers did to him. It says there:
23:35 Question: was Jesus also stripped of His garments?
23:40 Notice what we find in Matthew chapter 27
23:43 and verse 28. Matthew chapter 27 and verse 28.
23:50 We're told here as Jesus is in Pilate's court:
24:01 "And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him. "
24:05 We're going to come back to the scarlet robe in a moment.
24:07 Notice that they stripped Him of His garment and they put
24:11 a scarlet or a red robe upon Him.
24:14 And so in both cases Joseph and Jesus
24:17 are stripped of their garments.
24:20 Now it's interesting that Joseph - according to Genesis -
24:24 was cast into an empty pit.
24:29 And the word pit, by the way, can refer to a place
24:33 where dead people are laid.
24:36 In Isaiah 38 and verse 18 it's synonymously used with
24:40 the word Sheol. It's used synonymous with death.
24:44 In other words, his brothers put him in that pit -
24:47 in that empty pit - with the intention probably
24:51 of have him dying in that pit.
24:54 It's interesting that Jesus was buried in an empty tomb.
24:58 Notice Luke chapter 23 and verse 53.
25:02 Luke chapter 23 and verse 53.
25:07 Here we find the following words... speaking about Jesus:
25:13 "Then he took it down,
25:16 wrapped it in them,
25:19 and laid it in a tomb
25:23 that was hewn out of the rock
25:26 where no one had ever lain before. "
25:29 And so Joseph is cast in the pit
25:32 and Jesus is placed in an empty tomb.
25:36 Another interesting parallel between Joseph and Jesus
25:40 is the fact that both of them were sold
25:44 for pieces of silver.
25:46 In the case of Joseph, Joseph was sold for 20 pieces
25:49 of silver. Let's read that in Genesis 37:28.
25:54 Genesis chapter 37 and verse 28.
25:59 Here we find the following words...
26:01 37 and verse 28... it says this:
26:24 "And they took Joseph to Egypt. "
26:27 Now I want you to notice
26:29 what we're told about Jesus.
26:31 Matthew chapter 26 and verse 15.
26:34 Matthew chapter 26 and verse 15.
26:37 And I'm sure that we've read
26:39 this before, but let's go ahead and read it again.
26:43 It says:
27:01 And so Joseph and Jesus are sold for pieces of silver.
27:06 Another interesting parallel between Joseph and Christ
27:09 is the fact that both of their garments were stained in blood.
27:15 Now you say: "How is that? "
27:17 You know what his brothers did with the tunic of Joseph.
27:31 Was the tunic of Joseph dipped in blood?
27:34 Most certainly.
27:36 "Then they sent the tunic of many colors
27:40 and they brought it to their father and said:
27:43 'We have found this. Do you know whether it is your son's
27:48 tunic or not? ' "
27:49 And so the garments of Joseph were stained in blood.
27:54 If you read the gospels, you discover that a scarlet robe
27:57 was placed upon Jesus and then Jesus was beaten.
28:01 And this scarlet robe was filled with the blood of Jesus.
28:04 Actually, that sacrifice of that kid by the brothers of Joseph
28:09 symbolized the sacrifice of Jesus and the fact that
28:13 the garments of Jesus were going to be stained in His blood.
28:18 Now it's also interesting to notice that the father
28:22 of Joseph - Jacob - suffered intensely along with his son.
28:27 Notice what we find in Genesis chapter 37
28:31 and verses 34 and 35.
28:34 Genesis 37 and verses 34 and 35.
28:39 It says here:
29:08 If you read the Desire of Ages you'll discover that not only
29:12 did Jesus suffer on the cross but His Father suffered
29:16 right along with Him
29:17 as Jesus suffered in the Garden of Gethsemane
29:20 and as Jesus hung on the cross of Calvary.
29:25 It's also interesting to notice that everything that Joseph did
29:30 prospered in his hand.
29:33 Notice what we find in Genesis chapter 39
29:36 and verse 3. Genesis chapter 39 and verse 3.
29:42 Everything that Joseph did prospered.
29:45 It says there in verse 3:
29:47 "And his master saw that the Lord was with him
29:51 and that the Lord made all he did to prosper in his hand. "
29:57 So notice that everything that the Lord places in Joseph's
30:00 hand Joseph makes to prosper.
30:04 By the way, this is the same thing that is said of Jesus
30:08 as the suffering servant in Isaiah 53 and verse 10.
30:12 Go with me to Isaiah chapter 53 and verse 10
30:16 and notice this wonderful prophecy about Christ
30:20 and how everything that the Father had in plan for Jesus
30:24 would prosper in His hand.
30:26 It says here: "Yet it pleased the Lord
30:30 to bruise Him. He has put Him to grief,
30:34 when you make His soul an offering for sin
30:38 He shall see His seed. He shall prolong His days.
30:43 And the pleasure of the Lord shall... " What?
30:47 "the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand. "
30:52 And so as Joseph suffers but everything that he does
30:55 prospers, in the same way Jesus - the suffering servant -
31:00 everything that He performs for the Lord prospers
31:03 in His hands. Now as you look at the life of Joseph
31:08 where his brothers sold him into slavery...
31:10 And by the way, it was as if Joseph had died,
31:13 correct? At least in the mind of the father
31:16 it was like Joseph had died... And in the minds of his brothers
31:19 they had gotten rid of Joseph. And the prophecy that Joseph
31:23 was going to be lord over them according to them was not
31:26 going to be fulfilled.
31:28 The interesting thing is: by the very plot to get rid of Joseph
31:33 Joseph went to a far land
31:35 and he actually became their savior and he saved them
31:40 from death. So their plot to destroy Joseph
31:43 actually became the means for their salvation.
31:47 Let me ask you: in the case of Jesus
31:50 was the plot that was developed against Christ
31:54 and the slaying of Christ and His death on the cross
31:58 the means that God used to save those who crucified Him
32:04 from spiritual death and from everlasting death?
32:07 Yes. They plotted and they actually thought that they had
32:10 gotten rid of Jesus. But actually by their very act
32:14 of trying to get rid of Jesus and slay Jesus
32:17 Jesus became their Savior.
32:21 It's interesting to notice that by what Joseph suffered
32:25 he learned to trust in God.
32:29 In fact, you look at the story as we find it in Genesis
32:33 and Joseph never actually laid plans for his life.
32:38 He relied upon God
32:40 and allowed God to choreograph his life.
32:44 He didn't say: "Well, I'm going to do this,
32:46 I'm going to do that. " He simply cooperated with God,
32:50 walked with God in fulfilling God's will
32:54 as God revealed His plans to him step by step.
32:58 And interestingly enough, by Joseph becoming a servant
33:03 in Egypt he became qualified then to be lord.
33:07 As he was a servant he learned obedience.
33:11 He learned dependence upon God, and as a result of this
33:16 when he became lord he was qualified to fulfill his duties
33:21 as lord and as master.
33:24 So it is with Jesus. You see, Jesus became a servant.
33:29 And by becoming a servant He became qualified to be Lord
33:34 over His people. Jesus did not lay plans for Himself.
33:39 He simply cooperated with His Father's plan day by day.
33:43 Even though perhaps Jesus didn't understand everything
33:46 that was happening in His life
33:48 He walked step in step with what His Father had
33:52 choreographed for Him.
33:53 In fact, allow me to read you a statement that's found in
33:56 Desire of Ages page 208.
34:00 This is a very well-known statement but very profound.
34:04 It says here:
34:16 Isn't that amazing?
34:18 He was so emptied of self that He made no plans for Himself.
34:34 I'm sure that Joseph didn't understand a lot of things
34:36 that happened with him. In fact, we have another lecture
34:39 coming up in a couple of sessions where we're going to
34:42 discuss God's providence in the story of Joseph.
34:45 You know, I'm sure that Joseph
34:47 didn't particularly understand
34:48 how, because of his sterling
34:52 character and because he was
34:54 beloved by his father,
34:55 he would be sold into slavery.
34:57 That appeared to be an injustice.
34:59 And then because he was faithful in obeying the commandment
35:02 "Thou shalt not commit adultery"
35:04 he ends up in jail... he ends up in prison.
35:07 I don't think that Joseph fully understood everything
35:10 that was happening, but he said: "God has a plan.
35:12 I don't understand the plan but I will some day.
35:15 I'm going to walk step by step
35:17 in the plan that God has laid out for me. "
35:19 And so it was with Jesus.
35:21 Many things happened in His life
35:23 and perhaps when He was going through these things,
35:25 you know, He didn't fully understand everything that was
35:28 happening. But He walked step in step with the plans
35:31 of His Father. And then, of course, Ellen White
35:34 tells us this... speaking about us:
35:48 Now I want to read Hebrews chapter 5 verses 8 and 9
35:53 about Christ. Hebrews chapter 5 verses 8 and 9.
35:57 Do you know that Jesus by becoming a servant
36:00 and by going through His trials and tribulations
36:03 and temptations actually became qualified to be Lord?
36:08 Notice what we find in Hebrews chapter 5...
36:11 Hebrews chapter 5 and let's read verses...
36:15 What did I say? 7 and 8. Hebrews 5... actually verses
36:20 8 and 9. Let's not begin at verse 7. It says in verse 8:
36:36 By the way, the word obedience there would mean
36:38 He learned to depend upon His Father.
36:42 And now notice verse 9:
36:45 Doesn't mean that He wasn't perfect.
36:47 The word perfected there means qualified
36:50 to fulfill His mission because of what He suffered.
37:02 In other words, the sufferings of Jesus,
37:05 the trials and temptations of Jesus,
37:07 became the school where He learned. And He became
37:11 qualified to fulfill His mission as Savior of the human race.
37:17 The same is true of Joseph.
37:19 The things that he suffered,
37:20 the temptations which he resisted,
37:22 qualified Him then to fulfill His mission
37:26 to save his brothers and his father, and to preserve
37:30 incidentally the holy line.
37:34 Now was Joseph tempted severely
37:38 in his life? Well, we have one particular temptation
37:43 when Potiphar's wife tried to entice him into adultery.
37:48 And how did Joseph respond?
37:50 He didn't play with temptation.
37:53 He immediately said: "How can I commit this terrible
37:57 sin against God? "
38:00 How did Jesus meet temptation when Satan came after Christ?
38:04 Jesus did not play with temptation.
38:08 When Satan's temptations came Jesus immediately said what?
38:12 "It is written... "
38:14 Both Joseph and Jesus - through the power of God -
38:18 overcame temptation.
38:21 Now there's another interesting parallel between
38:24 Joseph and Jesus. You know, Joseph, according to the story,
38:30 becomes a servant and then he becomes lord.
38:36 His position as a servant qualified him to become lord.
38:42 That we find in the story of Joseph.
38:45 But do you know that this is exactly the situation
38:48 that we find with Jesus as well?
38:51 Jesus also became a servant that He might become Lord.
38:58 I want you to notice Genesis chapter 45
39:01 and verse 15 about Joseph.
39:04 Genesis chapter 45 and verse 15.
39:09 Here we're told:
39:10 "Moreover he kissed all his brothers
39:18 and wept over them.
39:20 And after that his brothers talked with him. "
39:26 Did Joseph forgive his brothers in spite of the fact
39:32 that they had hated him and they had plotted to kill him?
39:37 What words did Jesus speak on the cross of Calvary?
39:40 He said: "Father, forgive them
39:42 for they know not what they do. "
39:46 By the way, did the brothers of Joseph eventually
39:49 come and bow before Joseph?
39:51 They most certainly did.
39:53 The dream that had been revealed to Joseph at the beginning
39:57 of his life now was fulfilled at the end.
40:02 Did Jesus also speak about
40:06 every knee bowing and every tongue confessing
40:11 that Jesus is Lord after Jesus became a servant?
40:16 Notice Philippians chapter 2 and verses 5 through 11.
40:21 Philippians chapter 2 and verses 5 through 11.
40:25 This is a very well-known passage. The apostle Paul
40:27 says this:
40:39 That means He did not consider equality with God
40:41 as something to be hung onto, something to be grasped.
40:45 He continues saying:
41:07 There you have a passage that
41:09 speaks about Jesus
41:11 becoming a servant.
41:13 But what comes in consequence
41:16 of Jesus becoming a servant?
41:18 Verse 9:
41:19 "Therefore God also has highly exalted Him... "
41:46 So as Joseph became a servant
41:49 and then he became his brother's lord
41:51 so Jesus became a servant
41:55 so that He could become the Lord of the human race.
41:58 And as I mentioned, as Jesus forgave His brothers
42:03 Joseph also was magnanimous and merciful
42:07 and he forgave what his brothers had done to him.
42:12 By the way, we have a tremendous lesson here
42:15 in the story of Joseph.
42:17 You know, many people want to occupy high positions
42:21 before they learn to serve.
42:24 You know, the essence of the teachings of Christ
42:27 is found succinctly summarized
42:31 in Matthew chapter 23:12
42:34 where Jesus says: "He who
42:37 humbles himself
42:40 will be exalted
42:42 and he who exalts himself will be humbled. "
42:47 We find this illustration in the life of Jesus.
42:51 Jesus humbled Himself; He became a servant;
42:55 and therefore God highly exalted Him.
42:59 The problem with Lucifer is that Lucifer wanted to be
43:03 exalted without becoming a servant.
43:06 By the way, as you look at the Bible story
43:09 you have - for example - the case of Nebuchadnezzar.
43:12 You know, he goes out onto the balcony of his palace
43:15 and he says: "Isn't this great Babylon
43:18 that I built with my power and for my honor and my glory? "
43:24 And God looked at Nebuchadnezzar and said:
43:27 "Oh is that right?
43:28 So you're lord? You're the big guy? "
43:32 And so God in an instant removes from Nebuchadnezzar
43:36 the pearl of reason.
43:41 In other words, he loses that very aspect that distinguishes
43:46 human beings from animals.
43:49 And, of course, Nebuchadnezzar begins to act like a beast
43:53 because the one aspect that distinguishes animals from
43:58 humans has been removed.
44:01 In other words, Nebuchadnezzar - who wanted to exalt himself -
44:05 was what? Was humbled.
44:08 And then, of course, at the end of this episode
44:11 if you look at Daniel chapter 4
44:13 you find that Nebuchadnezzar says:
44:15 "Now I exalt and glorify the God of heaven
44:21 because He is able to humble those who are proud at heart. "
44:28 By the way, the Bible speaks about two mysteries:
44:31 the mystery of godliness and the mystery of iniquity.
44:34 The mystery of godliness is very simple.
44:36 God was manifest in human flesh.
44:39 God came down; God humbled Himself.
44:43 But when Jesus came down and humbled Himself
44:46 later on in this passage - I Timothy chapter 3-
44:50 it says that Jesus ascended on high
44:53 to His Father's throne. He was exalted.
44:56 On the other hand, in II Thessalonians 2
44:59 we have the mystery of iniquity.
45:01 In the mystery of iniquity an individual who is down here
45:06 wants to sit in the temple of God, showing himself
45:10 to be God... and therefore he will go to perdition.
45:14 Do you notice the contrast between the mystery of godliness
45:18 and the mystery of iniquity?
45:19 The mystery of godliness: God is manifested in human flesh,
45:24 becomes a servant, therefore God exalts Him.
45:27 In the case of the mystery of iniquity
45:30 a being who is a creature wants to exalt himself
45:33 to the position of God and therefore he is humbled.
45:37 This is illustrated in the story of Joseph.
45:41 Joseph became a humble servant and he was exalted
45:47 at the end of his life as lord over his brothers.
45:51 In the same way, folks, it happened with Jesus.
45:54 Jesus lowered Himself to the position of a servant
45:58 and was exalted by His Father
46:00 as Lord of Israel, as Lord over His people.
46:06 Now I'd like to read a statement
46:08 that we find in the book Patriarchs and Prophets.
46:13 It is a passage that has many of the elements
46:19 that we have studied here in our lecture today.
46:23 It's found in Patriarchs and Prophets, page 239-240.
46:27 By the way, Patriarchs and Prophets is a wonderful book
46:31 that describes the history of the Old Testament.
46:33 Actually it goes even before the Old Testament...
46:35 goes to the origin of evil in heaven...
46:37 but mainly from the time of creation all the way through
46:41 the time of David and partially of Solomon...
46:45 the story of Solomon. It's a tremendous history
46:49 of scripture amplified in a beautiful way.
46:53 And by the way, as I read that passage
46:55 that's where I got most of the ideas that I've shared with you
46:59 in our lecture today about Joseph as a symbol of Christ.
47:04 This is what the statement says:
47:07 "The life of Joseph illustrates the life of Christ.
47:12 It was envy that moved the brothers of Joseph
47:17 to sell him as a slave.
47:19 They hoped to prevent him from becoming greater
47:23 than themselves. And when he was carried to Egypt
47:27 they flattered themselves that they were to be no more
47:31 troubled with his dreams... that they had removed
47:35 all possibility of their fulfillment.
47:37 But, their own course was overruled by God
47:42 to bring about the very event that they designed to hinder.
47:47 So the Jewish priests and elders were jealous of Christ
47:51 fearing that He would attract the attention of the people
47:54 from them. They put Him to death
47:57 to prevent Him from becoming King
48:00 but they were thus bringing about this very result.
48:04 Joseph, through his bondage in Egypt, became a savior
48:09 to his father's family. Yet this fact did not lessen
48:13 the guilt of his brothers.
48:15 So the crucifixion of Christ by His enemies
48:18 made Him the Redeemer of mankind, the Savior of the
48:21 fallen race and Ruler over the whole world.
48:25 But the crime of His murderers was just as heinous as though
48:29 God's providential hand had not controlled events
48:33 for His own glory and for the good of man.
48:37 As Joseph was sold to the heathen by his own brothers
48:42 so Christ was sold to His bitterest enemies by one of His
48:46 disciples. Joseph was falsely accused and thrust into prison
48:51 because of his virtue. So Christ was despised and rejected
48:55 because His righteous, self-denying life was a rebuke
48:58 to sin. And though guilty of no wrong, He was condemned
49:03 upon the testimony of false witnesses.
49:06 And Joseph's patience and meekness under injustice
49:10 and oppression, his ready for- giveness and noble benevolence
49:13 towards his unnatural brothers
49:16 represents the Savior's uncomplaining endurance of the
49:20 malice and abuse of wicked men
49:22 and His forgiveness - not only of His murderers
49:26 but of all who have come to Him confessing their sins
49:29 and seeking pardon. "
49:32 And so the life of Joseph is a beautiful illustration
49:37 of the life of Jesus Christ.
49:39 As we began our study today we noticed in Luke chapter 24
49:43 that Moses, the prophets, the writings, the Psalms
49:48 all give witness to Jesus Christ.
49:51 The story of Joseph is a beautiful prefiguring
49:54 of the life of Jesus.
49:57 But there's one more point which I would like to underline
50:00 which is particularly significant,
50:02 and that is that Joseph - through what he did -
50:08 actually made it possible for the One greater than Joseph
50:14 to come to this world to save His people.
50:17 Let me just go through this very quickly.
50:22 You wonder why Joseph -
50:26 being such a good young man -
50:29 was taken as a slave to Egypt
50:32 and then he ended up in prison because he was faithful to God
50:37 and obeyed God's law.
50:39 You wonder that is until you see the full development
50:42 of the story. The fact is that
50:44 there was a prophecy in Genesis
50:46 chapter 15 and verses 13-15
50:49 that said that Israel
50:53 would be in a strange land, a land not theirs,
50:57 for 400 years.
50:59 And then after 400 years
51:01 they would come out of that strange land which would be
51:05 Egypt to go back to the land of Canaan.
51:09 Do you know that the story of Joseph actually made that
51:13 prophecy be fulfilled?
51:16 Because it was necessary for Jacob and his family
51:19 to move to Egypt.
51:21 Because if God was going to deliver them from Egypt
51:24 400 years after God gave this prophecy
51:26 they would have had to be in Egypt.
51:29 Now you say: "Why would they have to come to Egypt?
51:31 Why not leave them in Canaan? "
51:34 There was a very special purpose, and that is that
51:37 God needed to establish a nation in the land of Canaan.
51:41 And He knew that if Abraham and his descendants
51:45 stayed in Canaan, they would be corrupted by the influences
51:49 of Canaan... totally corrupted by the influences of Canaan.
51:54 And so God said: "I will lead the people down to Egypt
51:57 to shield them from growing as a nation in an environment
52:02 where wickedness is prevalent. "
52:05 But there's even more.
52:07 When they get down to Egypt Pharaoh says to Joseph
52:12 "You know, your father and your family can live
52:16 in the best part of the land in Goshen. "
52:20 By the way, do you know why Pharaoh did that?
52:22 He did that because - we're told in Genesis -
52:25 that the Egyptians did not live in the same environment
52:29 with farmers... with agricultural people.
52:33 We'll deal with this a little bit more when we have
52:35 our second study of Joseph.
52:36 And so what happened is because the Egyptians did not
52:40 intermingle with people who worked the land
52:43 Israel in the land of Goshen - this very prosperous land -
52:48 was able to thrive and to grow
52:51 and to proliferate without all of the evil influences
52:56 of the Egyptians totally corrupting them
52:59 and making them lose their identity.
53:01 In other words, they could grow into a huge nation
53:04 without the evil influences of Canaan,
53:07 without the evil influences - although they were influenced
53:10 to a certain point but not totally -
53:12 but without the evil influences of the Egyptians.
53:17 And of course they grew into a huge nation there.
53:22 And exactly on time God delivered them from the land
53:27 of Egypt and took them to Canaan... where the Seed
53:31 was going to be born later on in history.
53:35 By the way, God's providence is marvelous in this story.
53:41 You see, for example, Joseph going down into Egypt,
53:47 being a slave, being thrown into prison.
53:52 And you have the dreams that the baker and the cupbearer
53:57 of Pharaoh have. To make a long story short
54:01 the cupbearer goes out and for two years he forgets
54:04 to mention Joseph's name
54:06 because it wasn't time.
54:07 And then of course two years later Pharaoh has these dreams.
54:11 These dreams about 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine.
54:15 Actually God is revealing to Pharaoh and to Joseph
54:20 that it's the devil's intention to cause this famine to starve
54:24 Jacob and his family to death
54:25 because from Jacob and his family will come the Seed.
54:29 You can find that in Genesis 45 in verses 5-7.
54:32 See, God knows the end from the beginning.
54:34 He knew what the devil was up to and He allowed the devil to
54:36 cause the famine. But God sent Joseph down to Egypt
54:42 so that Joseph could make provision during the 7 years
54:47 of plenty so that when the famine came
54:51 there would be enough provision for Jacob and his family
54:55 to come down to Egypt and to not lose their lives
54:59 so that the holy line would continue and eventually
55:04 the Messiah could be born.
55:06 Isn't it marvelous the way the providence of God works?
55:10 You know, Joseph could have whined and he could have
55:12 complained. He could have said: "All I do is get raw deals.
55:16 I'm faithful to God and my brothers hate me without cause
55:20 and they're envious of me with no reason.
55:22 And here they sell me into slavery in Egypt.
55:27 And not only do they sell me into slavery, but because
55:30 I'm obedient to God's law I end up in prison.
55:33 What use is it to be faithful to God? "
55:36 But Joseph knew that God had a plan.
55:40 And Joseph did not make plans for himself.
55:43 He allowed God to unfold His plans for him.
55:47 It was the same with Jesus.
55:50 The Father had choreographed the life of Christ, and each day
55:54 the Father revealed to Jesus His plans to Jesus.
55:57 And Jesus walked in the steps that His Father had traced.
56:02 And so it can be with us.
56:06 You know, if we trust the Lord
56:09 no matter what tribulations and trials and problems that
56:11 we have in our lives, if we learn from the life of Joseph
56:15 and from the life of Jesus... We might not understand
56:17 everything that's happening in our lives
56:19 but we can say: "Father, I trust You.
56:22 I will walk in the path that You have established for me.
56:26 Some day I know that I will understand
56:28 and as I look back I will say: 'Thank you, Lord,
56:33 for doing things in Your way.
56:36 I wouldn't have had it happen any differently. ' "
56:40 You know, we would choose no path for ourselves
56:45 different than the path God chose for us
56:50 if we, like God, could see the end from the beginning.
56:55 And so let's learn from Joseph
56:59 and let's learn to be humble and meek of heart.
57:02 How about it?