Participants: Pastor Stephen Bohr
Series Code: CGC
Program Code: CGC000011
01:12 Shall we bow our heads for prayer?
01:13 Our Father in heaven, we thank You for this wonderful day
01:18 that You have given us.
01:19 We thank You for the privilege of being here, once again,
01:23 to open Your Holy Word, and learn from You.
01:26 We ask that as we open the book of Genesis, and other books
01:32 of the Bible that relate to this wonderful book,
01:34 we ask that Your Holy Spirit will be with us.
01:38 Enlighten our minds, and give us tenderness of heart
01:41 to receive what You have for us.
01:43 We thank You for hearing our prayer for we ask it
01:46 in Jesus' name, Amen.
01:49 I'd like to begin our study today at the place where
01:55 we began our study last time.
01:58 And, of course, that has to do with the first two chapters
02:04 of the book of Genesis.
02:05 What I'm going to do is review certain very important elements
02:11 that will be fundamental for what we're going to discuss
02:14 in this evening's lecture.
02:17 First of all, I would like to underline the fact that I've
02:23 mentioned many times before, and that is that Jesus Christ
02:29 was the Creator of Genesis 1.
02:34 Jesus Christ was the Creator of Genesis 1.
02:38 That's critically important for what we're going to discuss
02:42 in our lecture today.
02:44 The second point that I want us to notice in our study is found
02:48 in Genesis 1:31-2:1, Genesis 1: 31-2:1.
02:59 Notice what it says:
03:15 And now notice verse 1:
03:27 Question: When did Jesus finish His work of creation?
03:33 On which day? Very clearly, He finished on the sixth day.
03:39 Correct? Now, let's notice verse 2.
03:45 It says in Genesis 2:2: And on the seventh day God ended
03:53 his work which he had done, and he rested on the seventh day
03:59 from all his work which he had done.
04:03 Three points that I want us to notice:
04:05 1. Jesus was the Creator.
04:07 2. Jesus finished His work of creation on the sixth day.
04:13 3. Jesus rested on the seventh day.
04:19 We're going to come back to this later on in our study.
04:23 It's critically important.
04:25 Now I want you to notice also as we review what we studied
04:29 in our last lecture, that man did not do any work
04:35 in order to exist.
04:37 I believe that that point is clear.
04:39 Jesus Christ performed all the work.
04:43 And when man was created he was created to rejoice and to rest
04:52 in the work which Jesus had made.
04:54 In other words, every thing that Adam and Eve enjoyed,
04:58 they enjoyed because Jesus had worked to create it.
05:02 All they could do was rest in the work that Jesus had done,
05:07 because Jesus was the Creator.
05:10 Another point, which we studied in our last lecture,
05:14 is that the day begins in the evening.
05:18 You know, it was the Romans who established the custom
05:21 of starting the day at midnight.
05:24 And, you know, basically we followed that custom
05:28 of starting the day at midnight.
05:30 But biblically the day starts at the evening,
05:33 with the setting of the sun.
05:35 In other words, when the sun set on the sixth day, that is when
05:41 the seventh day Sabbath began, and it lasts from sundown
05:46 the sixth day on Friday, through sundown on what we know as
05:52 Saturday, or sundown on the Sabbath.
05:53 In other words, keeping the Sabbath means observing
05:56 twenty-four hours.
05:58 It's not going to church only on Saturday.
06:02 It means resting from our endeavors, resting in what Jesus
06:07 has done, enjoying His creative works that we did
06:11 not work to perform.
06:13 And that is to last twenty-four whole hours.
06:17 Don't you think it's wonderful that Jesus has given us
06:20 twenty-four hours to rest from everything that we do,
06:24 and to enjoy fellowship with Him, and to enjoy contemplating
06:29 the works that He has performed?
06:31 I think it's wonderful that He has done this for us.
06:34 Now I want you to remember these details, because we're going to
06:38 come back to them a little bit later on.
06:40 Reviewing: 1. Jesus was the Creator.
06:42 2. Jesus finished His work of creation the sixth day.
06:46 3. Jesus rested from His work of creation on the seventh day.
06:52 4. Man did not perform any work.
06:55 Jesus did all of the work, and man simply was to enjoy
06:59 the fruit of the labor of Jesus.
07:02 5. The day begins at the setting of the sun.
07:06 Now I would like us to go to Exodus 16.
07:11 We find some very interesting details about the Sabbath
07:15 in this experience of ancient Israel.
07:18 Exodus 16, and we're going to read several verses from this
07:24 chapter, because they're important for what we'll discuss
07:27 later on in our lecture.
07:28 We're going to begin at verse 22, Exodus 16:22. It says:
07:43 Did you catch that?
07:44 Which day? sixth day.
07:46 Is there a sixth day mentioned in Genesis 1?
07:49 Yes, there is. Okay?
08:03 By the way, they're picking up the manna, or the bread which
08:06 God rained down from heaven for forty years.
08:09 Now notice verse 23:
08:17 He's speaking of the sixth day isn't He?
08:26 Now if He's saying this the sixth day,
08:28 what would tomorrow be?
08:29 It would be the seventh day, that's right.
08:32 Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath unto Moses.
08:42 I did that on purpose.
08:43 I might need glasses, but not that bad.
08:47 It says, once again, This is what the Lord has said:
08:53 Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest,...
09:09 By the way, the manna fell six days a week,
09:13 and they were supposed to pick up the manna six days a week.
09:16 But on Friday, the sixth day, twice the amount of manna fell,
09:21 because they were not supposed to go out to look for manna
09:24 on the Sabbath, because God did not rain manna from heaven
09:27 on the Sabbath. Now notice once again verse 24.
09:34 And this is very important now.
09:44 You see, if they picked it up any other day for the next day,
09:48 the manna had two characteristics:
09:50 1. It bread worms. 2. It stank.
09:57 Are you catching my point?
09:59 Remember this, because we're going to come back to it again.
10:02 This is really a Messianic prophecy.
10:05 Now notice verse 25: Then Moses said, Eat that today for today
10:14 is a Sabbath to the Lord.
10:17 There it is again.
10:18 Every time that the Sabbath is mentioned in scripture,
10:20 it is a Sabbath of the Lord, a Sabbath to the Lord.
10:24 It is not a Sabbath of the Jews.
10:26 It is not a Sabbath of Moses. And so it says:
10:47 Which day is the Sabbath?
10:48 Does it say every seventh day?
10:52 Is every seventh day the Sabbath? No.
10:55 The seventh day is the Sabbath, after six days
11:01 of picking up manna.
11:03 Are you following what this is saying?
11:04 By the way, does this square with creation?
11:07 It most certainly does.
11:08 Now notice verse 27: Now it happened that some of the people
11:12 went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none.
11:17 And the Lord said to Moses, How long do you refuse
11:22 to keep my commandments and my laws?
11:26 Now this is before Exodus 20, when the ten commandments
11:29 were given. This is four chapters earlier.
11:32 And yet God is telling them, How long do you not keep
11:35 my commandments and my laws?
11:36 Obviously, the Sabbath was a commandment of God before
11:39 God gave it on Mount Sinai.
11:41 Now notice verse 29: See, for the Lord has given you
11:48 the Sabbath. Therefore he gives you on the sixth day bread for
11:54 two days. Let every man remain in his place.
11:58 Let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
12:02 And some people take that to mean, well everybody has to
12:05 stay home on the Sabbath.
12:06 That's not what it's saying.
12:07 It's saying, you're not supposed to go out of your place
12:09 to pick up manna on the Sabbath.
12:11 It doesn't mean that you can't go out of your house to go to
12:15 the temple to worship on Sabbath.
12:16 It's to pick up manna that they were not supposed to go out.
12:20 And then notice verse 30: So the people rested
12:25 on the seventh day.
12:26 Do you notice the number of times here that you have
12:28 a reference to the seventh day as being the Sabbath?
12:32 Do you notice that six days are mentioned?
12:35 Do you notice that the sixth day is mentioned?
12:38 Do you notice that it says that the Sabbath is a Sabbath of the
12:41 Lord? Is this the same scenario that we have in Genesis?
12:44 Yes or No? Absolutely!
12:46 The very same expressions.
12:47 Is the Sabbath of Exodus 16 the same Sabbath of Genesis 1
12:53 and 2? No doubt whatsoever.
12:55 It's the same Sabbath.
12:57 Now I want you to remember the details that we find in this
13:02 story about the manna, particularly the fact that
13:05 double manna fell on the sixth day.
13:07 On the seventh day the manna was just as fresh as it was
13:11 on the sixth day.
13:13 It did not breed worms or stink.
13:16 Remember that, because that is a Messianic prophecy.
13:19 We will come back to it later on.
13:21 Now lets go to Exodus 20:8, Exodus 20:8.
13:28 Here we find recorded the ten commandments of the law of God.
13:33 Some people would like to make these the nine commandments.
13:36 Some people would rather have no commandments.
13:39 But God gave ten commandments.
13:41 And you'll notice the fourth commandment of His law
13:45 is found in verse 8.
13:51 By the way, you can't remember something that hasn't happened
13:54 in the past. For example, a few months from now I'll be saying,
13:59 Do you remember when we did the Genesis series?
14:01 How can I say, Do you remember when we did the Genesis series?
14:07 It's because it's something that happened in the past.
14:09 In other words, the fourth commandment is sending us to the
14:12 past. Where in the past?
14:14 It is sending us back to Genesis, back to creation.
14:43 And then God gives the reason why He told them
14:46 to keep the Sabbath.
14:47 Notice that it's not because they're Jews,
14:51 or for any contemporary reason of that period.
14:55 He actually sends them back to creation for the reason
14:59 to observe the Sabbath.
15:01 Notice verse 11:
15:02 That means because.
15:21 Did God do the same three things with the Sabbath in Genesis?
15:26 Did He bless the Sabbath? Yes, He did.
15:28 Did He sanctify the Sabbath? Yes, He did.
15:32 Did He rest on the Sabbath?
15:33 He most certainly did.
15:35 Does the fourth commandment send Israel back to creation
15:40 for them to understand the reason why they are supposed
15:42 to keep the Sabbath holy? Yes.
15:44 Now let me ask you, How many Jews were there at creation?
15:49 None. The word Jew comes from Judah, who was the son of Jacob.
15:54 Even if you go back to the time of Abraham;
15:57 that's long after creation.
16:00 The Bible tells us that the reason why we are supposed to
16:05 observe the Sabbath, is because God made the Sabbath
16:08 at creation. He's saying to Adam and Eve in the beginning,
16:11 I want you to keep the Sabbath.
16:13 And now He tells Israel, I want you to keep the Sabbath
16:16 for the very same reason.
16:19 Now let's go to Exodus 31, Exodus 31, and let's examine
16:26 several concepts from this chapter, which very clearly
16:31 deals with the Sabbath.
16:32 Exodus 31:15, Exodus 31:15.
16:38 It says there in Exodus.
16:41 Did I say Genesis?
16:43 Exodus, Exodus 31.
16:46 I was here in Genesis.
16:47 Exodus 31:15, we find these words:
17:03 ...to Moses... No, it doesn't say that, it says:
17:09 Well, let me ask you, Which is the Lord's day?
17:11 If you take what the Bible says, what is the Lord's day?
17:16 The Lord's day is the Sabbath. So it says:
17:21 And now comes a very dire expression. It says, listen up,
17:27 whoever does any work...
17:35 And do you know what Christians say? Many Christians?
17:39 They say, listen, if you say that we're supposed to keep
17:42 the Sabbath, then you have to execute the death penalty
17:45 against those who don't keep it.
17:49 That's a fallacious argument, and let me tell you why.
17:53 Do you know that also it says in the Mosaic legislation that
17:58 whoever committed adultery was supposed to be put to death?
18:03 So I suppose that because we don't put people to death for
18:06 committing adultery today, it's okay to commit adultery.
18:11 Is it? Is it okay to commit adultery, because we don't
18:15 put people to death? Of course not.
18:17 You see, in this period they were under the theocracy.
18:21 God was the direct ruler of Israel.
18:23 And God as the direct ruler of Israel,
18:27 could tell this to Israel.
18:30 But let me tell you, the principle still applies.
18:32 We don't go around killing people for breaking the Sabbath,
18:35 but eventually, if we knowingly break the Sabbath,
18:38 if we knowingly trample the Sabbath, will God hold us
18:42 accountable, and responsible, just as much as if we knowingly
18:45 commit adultery, or knowingly kill, or knowingly steal,
18:51 or break any of the other commandments?
18:53 Are you understanding what I'm saying?
18:54 Now let's go back to Exodus 31 and read verse 17, Exodus 31:17.
19:03 Here we find an additional detail,
19:05 which is very interesting.
19:07 We find the following words there: Exodus 31:17.
19:13 It is a sign, that is the Sabbath.
19:27 And then it gives a reason again.
19:39 What is the reason why God says that Israel is to observe the
19:43 Sabbath, and it is an everlasting sign?
19:45 Because He made it when? at creation.
19:47 Once again, it sends us to creation.
19:49 And I know someone is saying, Yes, Pastor Bohr,
19:52 but here it says that it's a sign between God and Israel
19:54 forever. Let me ask you, Are we Israel?
20:02 Are we? Well, let's go to the New Testament, because I see
20:06 some of you are kind of incredulous.
20:09 That means that we have some unbelievers in the camp.
20:13 Now, let's notice what we find in the book of Galatians 3,
20:18 and we'll begin at verse 26, Galatians 3:26.
20:25 Here the apostle Paul, inspired by the Holy Spirit, says this:
20:29 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.
20:35 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ
20:40 have put on Christ.
20:42 So whoever's been baptized into Christ has put on Christ.
20:47 In other words, that person is a Christian.
20:50 Verse 28: There is neither Jew nor Greek,
20:54 there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male
20:57 nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
21:02 And now notice verse 29:
21:12 What does it mean to be Abraham's seed?
21:14 It means to belong to whom? to Christ.
21:19 So if the Sabbath was an everlasting sign between God
21:22 and Israel, and when we join Jesus Christ, we are children
21:27 of Abraham, or the seed of Abraham, that is Israel,
21:30 is the Sabbath an everlasting sign between God and us as well?
21:35 Absolutely! In fact, do you know that the Jews who are keeping
21:38 the Sabbath today, according to the Bible, aren't even Jews?
21:43 You're saying, Now how is this?
21:47 Go with me to the book of Romans very quickly; Romans 2:28, 29,
21:54 Romans 2:28, 29. Notice what the apostle Paul has to say here.
22:00 By the way, the apostle Paul was a Jew, wasn't he?
22:03 And he says here in Romans 2:28, For he is not a Jew, who is one
22:11 outwardly; nor is circumcision that which is outward
22:20 in the flesh... He says a Jew is not a Jew because he appears
22:25 one outwardly, or because he's circumcised, in other words.
22:29 ...But he is a Jew, who is one inwardly; and circumcision
22:36 is that of the heart, in the spirit,...
22:40 That is those who have received the spirit.
22:42 ...in the spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not
22:46 from men, but from God.
22:49 What does it mean to be a Jew?
22:52 Does it really mean anything to be a literal Jew,
22:55 and reject Jesus Christ?
22:57 The apostle Paul says that that is not a Jew.
22:59 A Jew is one who is one inwardly, who has been
23:03 converted to Jesus, who has received the Holy Spirit.
23:06 And because the Sabbath is a sign between Israel and God
23:10 forever, if we are Israel, the Sabbath is a sign between
23:15 God and us as well.
23:16 Are you catching my point or not?
23:18 Now lets go to Exodus 31:18, Exodus 31:18.
23:28 This is the conclusion of this whole passage on the observance
23:33 of the Sabbath, and it's very, very, significant that this
23:36 verse is placed in this position.
23:38 It says in verse 18: And when he had made an end of speaking with
23:44 them... That is God speaking with Moses on Mount Sinai.
23:47 ...He gave Moses two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone,
23:55 written with the finger of Moses.
23:59 It says... written with the finger of God.
24:05 Now listen up, there's only one thing in all of the Bible that
24:08 God wrote with His own finger, and that is
24:11 the ten commandments.
24:14 All of the rest of the Bible God gave to a prophet,
24:17 and the prophet wrote.
24:18 Now I know somebody says, What about in Daniel where the finger
24:23 writes on the wall?
24:24 It doesn't say there that it was God who wrote that on the wall.
24:26 It was one of the watchers, who are angels.
24:31 The only thing in the Bible which God explicitly wrote
24:34 with His own finger was the ten commandments.
24:37 Do you think the ten commandments are in a special
24:39 category then? Do you think that they occupy a special place?
24:44 That God did not even entrust the writing of the
24:47 ten commandments to a prophet, or to a writer, or to Moses?
24:50 He said, I'm going to write these Myself.
24:54 They must be extremely important.
24:56 It's interesting that He says this immediately after saying
25:00 that the Sabbath is an everlasting sign between
25:03 Him and His people.
25:06 Now there's a fact that is very seldom recognized among
25:12 Christians, and that is that God gave the Sabbath to Israel
25:16 for another reason.
25:17 Go with me to Deuteronomy 5 and let's read verses 12-15.
25:24 Deuteronomy 5:12-15.
25:30 You're going to notice that there's a second motivation
25:33 here for observing the Sabbath: not only creation,
25:36 but also another motivation for observing the Sabbath.
25:41 So once again, the reference is Deuteronomy 5:12-15.
25:49 It says here:
26:22 And now notice verse 15.
26:43 What is the motivation for observing the Sabbath in this
26:46 passage? It is not creation, it is what?
26:49 It is redemption. God redeemed Israel from bondage in Egypt
26:56 when they could not deliver themselves.
26:58 They were slaves to Pharaoh, who in the Bible is called the
27:02 great dragon. There was no way that they could be delivered.
27:05 And because they cried out to God, God intervened,
27:09 and He delivered them from bondage in Egypt.
27:12 He gave them freedom.
27:13 And God says, in order to commemorate your deliverance
27:17 from bondage, and your freedom, now I want you to
27:20 keep holy the Sabbath.
27:22 And so God gave Israel two reasons
27:25 for observing the Sabbath: first because of creation,
27:28 and secondly, because of redemption.
27:32 In other words, the Sabbath also has a redemption purpose.
27:37 Now before we pursue this thought, I need to go through
27:40 the rest of the Old Testament very quickly.
27:42 I'm not going to look up these verses.
27:44 You'll have them in the handout this evening.
27:47 They're all there explained.
27:48 You can read them for yourself.
27:50 You can fill in the blanks.
27:52 You know, it's a wonderful thing to do this, because you check
27:56 it out for yourself.
27:57 You don't believe me; I don't want you to believe me
28:00 unless you can find it in God's holy word.
28:02 Now allow me to mention several other references to the Sabbath
28:05 in the Old Testament before we go to speak about
28:08 the New Testament, and the Sabbath.
28:10 Isaiah 56, which was mentioned this evening in the question
28:14 and answer period, tells us very clearly that the Sabbath,
28:19 even in the Old Testament, was meant to be kept by the nations
28:24 other than Israel.
28:25 The word nations there is the Hebrew word goyim,
28:30 which means the Gentiles; not only the nations in general,
28:34 but the Gentiles. An God says that when the Gentiles,
28:38 and when the eunuchs observe the Sabbath, and they come to
28:44 God's house of prayer, God's house of prayer will be called
28:48 a house of prayer for whom? for all peoples.
28:54 In other words, the purpose for the observance of the Sabbath
28:57 was not only for the Jews, even in the Old Testament.
29:01 God says that it was His purpose for the eunuchs,
29:04 and also for the nations, for the goyim, so to speak,
29:09 to keep the Holy Sabbath.
29:11 Even in the Old Testament it was the plan of God
29:14 that the Gentiles participate in the observance of the Sabbath.
29:17 Now go with me to Isaiah 58: 13, 14.
29:21 This is one that we are going to read, and then I'll mention
29:24 the rest of the Old Testament texts.
29:26 Isaiah 58:13, 14. And the reason why I'm going to read this is
29:32 because it gives us several important principles
29:34 of Sabbath observance. Isaiah 58:13, 14.
29:45 What does that mean, turn away your foot?
29:49 It means that you're not going to what?
29:50 You're not going to trample on the Sabbath.
29:53 You're going to remove your foot from the Sabbath.
30:06 Whose holy day? God's holy day.
30:12 ...burden, a yoke of bondage, hello!
30:22 That's not what it says.
30:23 And call the Sabbath a delight.
30:32 What is the Sabbath? honorable, a delight, according to this.
30:40 Notice, not doing your own ways.
30:43 We do our own ways the first six days.
30:52 In other words, we shift from the secular to the what?
30:56 to the sacred on the holy Sabbath.
31:10 By the way, that's the land of Canaan in the Old Testament.
31:13 But Abraham did not look only to the little land of Canaan,
31:16 he was a type of those who looked for a city whose builder
31:20 and maker is God, according to Hebrews 11.
31:23 And so God says, I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob
31:28 your father, and then He promises, the mouth of the Lord
31:32 has spoken. There are other references in the Old Testament
31:36 to the Sabbath. Jeremiah 17: 24, 27, I'll just mention these
31:41 in passing. God says that the reason why Israel went into
31:45 bondage in Babylon is because they didn't keep the Sabbath.
31:47 In fact, He says that if they had kept the Sabbath,
31:51 Jerusalem would not have been destroyed by Babylon.
31:53 Jerusalem would have remained forever as the capitol
31:57 of God's kingdom, if they had kept and observed the Sabbath.
32:00 Ezekiel 20:20 says that the Sabbath is a sign between
32:06 God and His people, so that His people might know
32:09 that He is Jehovah God.
32:11 Nehemiah 13:15-19; you have a very interesting story.
32:18 This is after the Babylonian captivity, after they were taken
32:21 captive for breaking the Sabbath.
32:24 It appears that they were falling into their bad habits
32:27 again, because Nehemiah says, that they were doing business
32:32 in Jerusalem on the Sabbath, and there were merchants coming
32:36 from Tyre, the southern region of Lebanon, by the way.
32:40 I had the privilege of being there once;
32:42 pretty scary experience, but I won't dwell on that right now.
32:46 But it's interesting that the men from Tyre were selling their
32:51 wares, and they were selling fish.
32:53 And so Nehemiah protested to them, and he says, listen,
32:58 this is the very reason why God sent you to bondage
33:01 in the first place.
33:02 He says, don't do this, because this is the reason why the wrath
33:07 of God was poured out upon you.
33:09 And then the passage says that God, through Nehemiah,
33:14 had the gates of Jerusalem closed, it says, when it began
33:20 to be dark. Does that tell us something about when the Sabbath
33:24 begins? Absolutely!
33:26 He had the gates closed when it began to be dark,
33:30 so that no business transactions would be done on the Sabbath,
33:38 because business transactions are our own pleasure.
33:42 It is a secular activity.
33:44 And so all throughout the Old Testament we have clear
33:48 references to the observance of the Sabbath;
33:50 God's plan for Jews, God's plan for Gentiles.
33:54 But now we must move quickly to the New Testament.
33:57 I'll just mention some of these verses in passing,
33:59 because there are two or three points that I want to emphasize
34:03 before we draw this to a close.
34:05 First of all, I'd like to mention, once again,
34:08 that Genesis 1:1 is repeated in John 1:1, 3.
34:13 The same three elements: in the beginning,
34:17 God created everything; made the heavens and the earth,
34:23 created the heavens and the earth.
34:24 All things were made by the Word who is God, who existed
34:28 in the beginning.
34:29 In other words, the Creator was Jesus Christ.
34:32 Let me ask you then, would you expect Jesus to keep the Sabbath
34:34 when He came to this earth?
34:37 Would you expect Jesus to keep the Sabbath, the day that He
34:40 made as the day of rest?
34:41 Of course. And that's the reason why in Luke 4:16 it says that
34:47 Jesus came to Nazareth...
34:53 What is a custom? It is a habit.
35:02 Which day did Jesus customarily go to church,
35:06 which was the synagogue in that day?
35:07 He customarily went to church on Sabbath,
35:10 because that's the day that He established as the day that
35:14 we're supposed to go and worship before the Lord.
35:17 Now notice also Mark 2:27, 28.
35:22 The context of this is that Jesus and His disciples have
35:26 been crossing a field, and His disciples were hungry,
35:29 and they picked some grain from the field to eat.
35:32 And, of course, the Pharisees were there ready to condemn,
35:36 and they said, Why do Your disciples not obey the law?
35:40 Why are they harvesting on the Sabbath?
35:43 Well, you know what the Bible meant is that you're not
35:45 supposed to take out your combine.
35:47 There weren't combines back then, I know that.
35:49 You're not supposed to take out your combine and do the
35:51 harvesting of your crops on Sabbath.
35:53 It doesn't mean that if you're walking through a field,
35:55 and you're hungry, you can't take a few grains to satisfy
35:58 your hunger. It was the Pharisees who established
36:01 these rules. It wasn't God who established these rules.
36:04 And so they said, Your disciples are not doing what is lawful.
36:08 And this leads Jesus to say, Listen,
36:17 And then He says:
36:23 Do you know what Jesus is really saying?
36:24 He's saying, don't you tell Me how to keep the Sabbath.
36:27 I'm Lord of the Sabbath.
36:28 I made it, and so if anyone is going to define how it's kept,
36:32 it's Me. He's not saying that because He's Lord
36:37 He can do away with it.
36:39 He's saying that I'm Lord.
36:40 I define how the Sabbath is kept.
36:43 It was made for man.
36:44 You're making man to be bound to the Sabbath,
36:48 when the Sabbath was made as a blessing for man,
36:50 so that he could get away from his own endeavors,
36:53 and rest in Me, and enjoy My fellowship, and rejoice in his
36:57 relationship with Me.
36:58 You have made the Sabbath an enslaving commandment and rule
37:02 instead of what I intended originally for the Sabbath.
37:06 Are you understanding what I am saying?
37:07 Now go with me to Mark 3, and you'll see the extremes
37:11 to which the Pharisees went.
37:12 By the way, the Sabbath that Jesus condemned was not the
37:15 Biblical Sabbath, it was the Sabbath of the Pharisees.
37:18 This is the reason why many Christians reject the Sabbath,
37:21 it is because they think that the Sabbath of the Pharisees
37:23 is the Sabbath of the Lord.
37:25 You know, I don't want anything to do with the Sabbath
37:28 of the Pharisees.
37:29 Forget it! They were legalists.
37:32 The Sabbath was a day of misery for them, a day of restrictions.
37:36 But that's not the Bible Sabbath.
37:38 That is the Sabbath of the Pharisees.
37:40 Are you understanding what I'm saying?
37:42 And even today, Christian pastors will say,
37:45 Oh, don't listen to those people who talk about the Sabbath,
37:48 because they want you to be bound to the law again.
37:51 They want to put you under bondage.
37:55 Well, who gave the law? God.
37:57 So if God gave a law of bondage, what kind of God is God?
38:00 The law is not a law of bondage, it's called the law,
38:04 the perfect law of what? the perfect law of liberty.
38:09 Now lets notice Mark 3:1-6 just to give you an example.
38:16 I wish we had time.
38:17 I have a whole presentation just on Mark 3:1-6,
38:20 but we'll go through this very quickly. It says:
38:33 It's wrong to heal on the Sabbath,
38:34 but it's okay to accuse.
38:55 Because He knew that they were planning on killing Him.
38:57 See, it's wrong to heal on the Sabbath,
39:00 but it's okay to plan to kill someone.
39:01 Do you see the extremes to which they have taken this? It says:
39:09 They knew that when they opened their mouths
39:12 they were in trouble.
39:30 Did Jesus recreate his hand?
39:32 Did He recreate his hand? Yes.
39:35 So the Sabbath becomes a sign of the recreation of a hand.
39:39 And then it says:
39:43 On Sabbath, mind you.
39:45 The Bible doesn't say that.
39:47 Those are my words.
39:55 Jesus is healing on the Sabbath, and the Pharisees are planning
39:59 how they can destroy Jesus on the Sabbath.
40:02 Are you understanding that the Sabbath of the Pharisees
40:06 is not the Sabbath of the Lord?
40:07 The Sabbath of the Lord is a wonderful blessing.
40:10 It is honorable. It is a delight.
40:12 It is wonderful to observe.
40:14 To take twenty-four hours for our fellowship with Jesus;
40:18 quality time in the rat race of life.
40:21 Now, John 1 says that Jesus was the Creator.
40:28 But John 1 also says that Jesus became flesh,
40:34 and dwelt among us.
40:40 He came to this world to redeem us.
40:43 He came to this world to save us, to deliver us from bondage
40:48 to sin. And only He could do it because only He who created
40:54 all, could take the place of all, and redeem all.
40:58 And so Jesus the Creator comes to this earth
41:02 and He becomes the Redeemer.
41:03 Let me ask you, who worked for our salvation?
41:06 Did we? No.
41:08 Who lived a perfect life for us? He did.
41:12 Who died for us?
41:14 Who performed all of the work that was necessary to save us?
41:19 It was Jesus. We can do nothing to save ourselves.
41:26 We cannot work in order to be saved. Absolutely not.
41:30 Just like at creation Adam did not work to exist,
41:35 or to merit everything.
41:37 In salvation we don't work to merit salvation,
41:41 to merit the blessings of salvation in Christ.
41:45 Now let me ask you, which day of the week did Jesus die?
41:49 Now we look at the redemption dimension of the Sabbath.
41:54 Let's go to Mark 15, Mark 15:42, 43, Mark 15: 42, 43.
42:01 I know that you know what day Jesus died,
42:05 but let's read it anyway, Mark 15:42, 43.
42:12 Do you remember they wanted to take down the body of Jesus
42:17 from the cross, because it was about to start the Sabbath?
42:19 When did the Sabbath begin? It says here:
42:23 That's sunset.
42:31 What is the Preparation Day?
42:33 The day before the Sabbath.
42:35 What is the day before the Sabbath?
42:36 Friday, thank you.
42:38 That's why we call it Good Friday.
42:40 But we never hear people say Good Sabbath.
42:45 It's always Good Friday!
42:47 Resurrection Sunday!
42:49 And the Sabbath gets lost in the shuffle.
42:51 Because there's one who doesn't want us to know
42:54 about the Sabbath.
42:55 So what day did Jesus die?
42:59 He died the sixth day of the week.
43:04 Now what did Jesus say on the cross when He died?
43:08 Go with me to John 19, John 19, and let's read verse 30.
43:16 Do you remember when Jesus finished His works of creation?
43:18 Which day? Which day did Jesus finish His works of creation?
43:22 On the sixth day.
43:23 What does Genesis say about what happened on the sixth day?
43:28 Jesus finished. Do you remember the word finished in Genesis?
43:32 Now, what did Jesus say after He had completed
43:36 the work of redemption?
43:37 Notice John 19:30. It says here:
43:58 Did Jesus, the Redeemer, rest from His works of redemption
44:02 on the Sabbath, after working for mans redemption,
44:08 and dying for his redemption on the sixth day? Hello!
44:12 Is the Sabbath then also a sign of redemption? Yes it is.
44:18 In fact, I'll just mention this verse.
44:20 If you go to Luke 23:54-56, it says that the women
44:26 who followed Jesus, in the last moments of His life,
44:30 it says in verse 56, that they what? they rested
44:36 the Sabbath day, according to the commandment.
44:40 And what was Jesus doing in the tomb?
44:43 He was also resting.
44:46 You say, well, where does the Bible say that death is rest?
44:49 Let me just mention the verse.
44:51 Revelation 14:13: Blessed are those who die henceforth,
44:58 or from this moment on, in the Lord.
45:01 They shall what?
45:03 They shall rest, or that they may rest from their labors,
45:08 and their works follow them.
45:11 So what happens, according to this, when a person dies?
45:16 Are his works finished? Yes, they are.
45:19 And what does he do? He rests.
45:22 So what did Jesus do on the seventh day of the week?
45:27 By the way, the whole day, because He died shortly before
45:33 sundown, and He resurrected early on the
45:38 first day of the week.
45:39 And so Jesus rested the whole Sabbath day in the seplecure
45:44 after saying, It is finished; after working for the salvation
45:48 of man. And then, of course, Jesus resurrected the first day
45:53 of the week. Go with me to 2 Corinthians 5, 2 Corinthians 5.
45:59 Do you know that redemption is recreation?
46:02 In redemption Jesus recreates.
46:06 Notice 2 Corinthians 5:17, 2 Corinthians 5:17.
46:14 Here the apostle Paul says this:
46:22 That means if someone's been redeemed by Jesus,...
46:38 Is redemption a recreation? Yes, it is.
46:43 What was the sign of redemption, or recreation
46:46 in the Old Testament?
46:48 It was the Sabbath.
46:49 What is the sign of redemption, or recreation
46:52 in the New Testament?
46:54 It is, once again, the holy Sabbath.
46:58 In other words, the New Testament gives us an additional
47:02 reason to keep the Sabbath, not only because Jesus,
47:05 at the beginning, created us, but when we fell into sin,
47:08 into disorder, into chaos, Jesus worked on the cross,
47:14 He said on the sixth day, It is finished, rested in the tomb
47:18 the seventh day, and came forth to ascend to the presence of
47:22 His Father to represent us before God.
47:25 The Sabbath, then, is not only a sign of creation,
47:29 it is also a sign of redemption.
47:32 Two reasons for keeping the Sabbath.
47:34 Do you remember the manna episode?
47:37 Let's go to that for a moment.
47:40 Do you remember that the manna that fell on the sixth day,
47:43 there was twice as much manna?
47:44 What happened to the manna when it was kept over for the
47:48 Sabbath? It did not what? It did not breed worms or stink.
47:53 Let me ask you, what usually would you use those terms for?
47:56 breed worms and stink?
47:57 You would use that for a what?
48:01 What happens to a human body when it's buried after awhile?
48:05 What happens? Does it start stinking?
48:08 Yes, it does. Does it breed worms?
48:11 Yes, maggots. Of course.
48:15 Now I want you to notice John 6:51.
48:18 It really gets interesting here.
48:20 John 6:51, Jesus is speaking, and He says this:
48:36 So what did that manna represent? Jesus.
48:58 What does the manna represent?
49:00 It represents the flesh of Jesus, sacrificed for the life
49:05 of the world. Yes or no? Absolutely!
49:09 Now go with me to Acts 2 and discover something
49:12 very interesting.
49:13 Did the body of Jesus see any corruption
49:18 as He rested in the tomb?
49:20 What would have happened to a normal body?
49:23 A normal body would have begun the process of decomposition.
49:28 But notice what David, inspired by the Holy Spirit,
49:33 says about the body of Jesus.
49:36 Acts 2:25-27, Acts 2:25-27. Here it says:
49:47 By the way, this is a prophecy from Psalm 16.
49:52 Concerning Jesus.
50:08 Excuse me, my what?
50:19 The word soul there means life.
50:21 We can't get into that right now.
50:34 Did the flesh of Jesus see corruption? Why not?
50:38 Because Jesus was the living manna.
50:43 By the way, this proves that Jesus was going to die on Friday
50:48 and He was going to rest in the tomb on Sabbath.
50:51 Some people say that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday,
50:54 and resurrected on Saturday.
50:56 It can't be, because in this story from the Old Testament,
51:00 we find very clearly that the manna that was picked up on
51:04 Friday was just as fresh on the seventh day.
51:07 Jesus, who died on Friday, His body was just as fresh
51:11 on the Sabbath in the tomb.
51:12 It did not see corruption.
51:14 Are you understanding what I'm saying?
51:16 This is really a Messianic prophecy about Jesus
51:19 that is found in the Old Testament.
51:21 Now we must move on over quickly.
51:24 Allow me just to mention several things, and I'll just mention
51:27 these in passing.
51:28 Matthew 24:20 tells us that the Sabbath was going to be observed
51:33 forty years after the resurrection of Christ.
51:35 Pray that your flight be not in the winter, or on the Sabbath,
51:39 Jesus said to His disciples.
51:41 In the book of Acts the Sabbath is observed very frequently.
51:45 I'll just mention these in passing, because I want to get
51:47 to the end time. You have in Acts 13:42, 44 the apostle Paul
51:55 keeping the Sabbath with Jews and Gentiles
51:58 in the city of Antioch, like I mentioned.
52:01 In Acts 16:13 you find the apostle Paul observing
52:05 the Sabbath by a riverside.
52:08 In other words, it's not even in the synagogue.
52:10 In Acts 17:2 we find the apostle Paul observing the Sabbath
52:15 in the city of Thessalonica.
52:18 In Acts 18:4 you find the apostle Paul observing the
52:22 Sabbath in the city of Corinth.
52:24 By the way, these are all Roman Gentile cities,
52:27 and yet the apostle Paul, and Peter are observing
52:31 the Holy Sabbath.
52:32 By the way, have you ever heard of the Jerusalem Council?
52:35 It was held in the year 49.
52:39 They were arguing about whether circumcision applied or not.
52:42 Listen, if the Sabbath had been done away with at this point,
52:47 you would have had a major debate,
52:49 but the Sabbath is not an issue.
52:52 The change of Sabbath to Sunday is not an issue
52:55 at the Jerusalem Council, which shows that clearly nobody came
52:59 up with the idea of changing the Sabbath to Sunday,
53:02 because they did not understand that Jesus was teaching that.
53:05 Now allow me to go very quickly to the Sabbath
53:08 at the end of time.
53:10 And I'm going to go through this quickly.
53:11 You have all of the verses.
53:12 I just want you to catch the picture.
53:14 Revelation 16:1-21 portrays seven devastating plagues
53:20 that are going to fall upon this earth; terrible plagues that are
53:24 going to reverse creation.
53:26 They're going to return the earth to the way
53:27 it was before creation.
53:29 In fact, Jeremiah 4:23 says that Jeremiah saw the earth
53:34 as it will be during the thousand years
53:37 when creation is reversed.
53:39 He says, I beheld the earth, and it was without form
53:44 and void, and I looked at the heavens and they had no light.
53:47 Is that the same condition that the earth was in
53:50 before Jesus created it?
53:52 Same three characteristics: without form,
53:55 void, and no light.
53:57 In other words, the earth is going to return to the condition
54:01 it was in before creation, during the millennium,
54:04 during the thousand years.
54:05 We have a whole study later on on the millennium, by the way.
54:08 And then after the millennium we're told in Revelation 21:1
54:15 that God, or Jesus, is going to make a new what?
54:19 He's going to make a new heaven and a new earth.
54:23 And 2 Peter 3:13 says, a new heaven and a new earth
54:27 where righteousness dwells.
54:29 Now my question is this, what day are we going to observe
54:35 when everything is re-established?
54:38 Go with me to Isaiah 66, Isaiah 66, and let's take a look
54:45 at what God's eternal plan is going to be.
54:48 Isaiah 66, and I want to read verses 22 and 23. It says:
54:58 Is this the same new heavens and new earth of Revelation?
55:01 Obviously, it's the same expression.
55:18 By the way, the new moon really is the month, because the months
55:21 were marked off by the new moon.
55:23 That's why the Spanish version says de mes a mes,
55:26 from month to month.
55:28 Why are we going to go to the holy city from month to month?
55:31 Because there's a certain tree, according to Revelation 22:2
55:35 that produces a different fruit each month.
55:39 Revelation explains what we're going to do.
55:41 We're going to eat from the tree of life.
55:43 And so it says, And it shall come to pass, that from one
55:46 new moon to another, or one month to another,
55:48 and from one Sunday to another,
55:52 Thank you.
55:56 The Jews shall come to worship before me, says the Lord.
56:01 Are you flesh? Are you part of the all here?
56:11 Are you catching what this is saying?
56:13 God's people are going to go to the city from month to month,
56:17 to eat from the tree of life, Revelations 22:2.
56:21 And they're going to go from Sabbath to Sabbath to do what?
56:25 to worship before the Lord.
56:28 And then Sabbath observance will have a triple reason:
56:32 Reason 1. Jesus made us.
56:35 Reason 2. Jesus redeemed us.
56:39 Reason 3. Jesus restored us to the way the world was
56:45 at the beginning.
56:46 And there's going to be one big difference.
56:48 At the beginning when God created, when Jesus created
56:52 everything on this earth, nobody saw anything.
56:56 But when Jesus makes a new heavens and a new earth,
57:00 all of the redeemed will be alive.
57:03 Can you imagine what it's going to be like to hear Jesus say,
57:07 Let there be light, because the planet is in darkness.
57:11 Let there be the firmament, let there be plants,
57:17 let there be birds, let there be fish.
57:21 Then we will walk by sight not by faith.